Changes in the socio-demographic patterning of late adolescent health risk behaviours during the 1990s: analysis of West of Scotland cohort studies

Background Substance use and sexual risk behaviour affect young people’s current and future health and wellbeing in many high-income countries. Our understanding of time-trends in adolescent health-risk behaviour is largely based on routinely collected survey data in school-aged adolescents (aged 15 years or less). Less is known about changes in …

Public health programme and policy options for improving health equitably

Commentary: Haw S, Frank J, Frost H, Geddes R, Jackson C, Mooney JD.  Public health programme and policy options for improving health equitably.  Invited Editorial, Journal of the Royal College of Physicians, Edinburgh, J Royal College Physicians Edinburgh.  2011; 41:3-4.   Mar 20, 2014

Intervention research on working conditions and mental health: persistent challenges, new directions, and opportunities to integrate research agendas

This commentary provides a summary of the four preceding research papers. Three of the four papers, those by Gilbert-Ouimet et al., Marchand and Durand, and Veitch, provide direction for future workplace psychosocial intervention studies, while the remaining paper, by Lippel, offers insight into how existing occupational health and safety and …

Does time since immigration modify deprivation gradients in preterm birth? A multilevel analysis

Immigrants’€™ health is jointly influenced by their pre- and post-migration exposures, but how these two influences operate with increasing duration of residence has not been well-researched. We aimed to examine how the influence of maternal country of birth and neighborhood deprivation effects, if any, change over time since migration and …

Policy Interventions to Tackle the Obesogenic Environment: Focusing on adults of working age in Scotland

The major aim of this rapid review was to present a broad synthesis of the published evidence on obesity causation and prevention in adults of working age, in a form that would be of most use to policy makers in developing effective interventions. Author: John Mooney Report Policy Interventions to …

Best practice guidelines for monitoring socioeconomic inequalities in health status: lessons from Scotland.

CONTEXT: In this article we present “best practice” guidelines for monitoring socioeconomic inequalities in health status in the general population, using routinely collected data. METHODS: First, we constructed a set of critical appraisal criteria to assess the utility of routinely collected outcomes for monitoring socioeconomic inequalities in population health status, …

Clustering of substance use and sexual risk behaviour in adolescence: analysis of two cohort studies.

Objectives The authors aimed to examine whether changes in health risk behaviour rates alter the relationships between behaviours during adolescence, by comparing clustering of risk behaviours at different time points. Design Comparison of two cohort studies, the Twenty-07 Study (’€˜earlier cohort’€™, surveyed in 1987 and 1990) and the 11-16/16+ Study …

Interventions to prevent substance use and risky sexual behaviour in young people: a systematic review

Aims To identify and assess the effectiveness of experimental studies of interventions that report on multiple risk behaviour outcomes in young people. Methods A systematic review was performed to identify experimental studies of interventions to reduce risk behaviour in adolescents or young adults and that reported on both any substance …

Dual and triple therapy to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV in a resource-limited setting ’€“ lessons from a South African programme.

OBJECTIVE: To determine outcomes of pregnant women and their infants at McCord Hospital in Durban, South Africa, where dual and triple therapy to reduce HIV vertical transmission have been used since 2004 despite national guidelines recommending simpler regimens. METHOD: We retrospectively examined records of all pregnant women attending McCord Hospital …