An overview of prevention of multiple risk behaviour in adolescence and young adulthood

The observed clustering, and shared underlying determinants, of risk behaviours in young people has led to the proposition that interventions should take a broader approach to risk behaviour prevention. In this review we synthesized the evidence on ‘what works’ to prevent multiple risk behaviour (focusing on tobacco, alcohol and illicit …

Individual participant data (IPD) of mechanical workplace risk factors and low back pain with assessment of confounding and heterogeneity of effect measures

Objectives. We used individual participant data from multiple studies to conduct a comprehensive meta-analysis of mechanical exposures in the workplace and low back pain. Methods. We conducted a systematic literature search and contacted an author of each study to request their individual participant data. Because outcome definitions and exposure measures …

A mixture model to correct misclassification of gestational age

Purpose Misclassification of gestational age based on the last menstrual period (LMP) in routinely collected data creates bias in newborn birthweight and gestational age-related indicators. Common correction methods have not been evaluated. We developed a normal mixture model for use with SAS software to correct misclassification of gestational age and …

Experiences of knowledge brokering for evidence-informed public health, policy and practice: three years of the Scottish Collaboration for Public Health Research and Policy

Background: Despite interest in knowledge translation and exchange (KTE) in public health, few reports provide an account of knowledge brokerage organisations such as the Scottish Collaboration for Public Health Research and Policy (SCPHRP). SCPHRP’s role is to identify public health interventions that equitably address major health priorities, foster collaboration between …

Human papilloma virus vaccination programs reduce health inequity in most scenarios: a simulation study

Background The global and within-country epidemiology of cervical cancer exemplifies health inequity. Public health programs may reduce absolute risk but increase inequity; inequity may be further compounded by screening programs. In this context, we aimed to explore what the impact of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine might have on health equity …

Persistent social inequalities in health: Insensitive outcomes, inadequate policies, or both?

Commentary:  Persistent social inequalities in health: Insensitive outcomes, inadequate policies, or both? Frank JW, Haw SH. Milbank Q. 2013 Mar;91(1):192-200. DOI: 10.1111/milq.12007. Comment on: long-term monitoring of health inequalities in Scotland–a response to Frank and Haw. McCartney G, Leyland AH, Fischbacher CM, Whyte B, Walsh D, Stockton DL.Milbank Q. 2013 Mar; 91(1):186-91. Mar 20, …

Contrasting socioeconomic gradients in small for gestational age and preterm birth in Argentina, 2003-2007

 Objectives To examine the socioeconomic gradients in birth outcomes among singleton infants in Argentina, 2003’€“2007. Methods We analyzed data of 3,230,031 singleton infants born in 2003’€“2007, obtained from vital statistics. Associations between birth outcomes [small for gestational age (SGA), low birth weight (LBW), and preterm birth (PTB)] and socioeconomic indicators …

Workplace dietary improvement initiatives ought not to be discouraged by modest returns from low intensity interventions

Commentary: Workplace dietary improvement initiatives ought not to be discouraged by modest returns from low intensity interventions. Mooney J, Frank J, Anderson A. Eur J Public Health. 2013 Apr;23(2):193-4. Epub 2013 Jan 31. DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckt012. Comment on: Effectiveness of workplace interventions in Europe promoting healthy eating: a systematic review.Maes L, Van Cauwenberghe E, Van Lippevelde W, …

Interventions in community settings that prevent or delay disablement and promote healthy ageing in later life

Purpose ’€“ The population of older people in the UK is expected to rise rapidly over the next 20 years and therefore identification of effective interventions that prevent functional decline and disablement is a public health priority. This review summarises the evidence for interventions in community settings that aim to …