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Internal Capabilties: Value for Money

Internal Capabilties: Value for Money

The argument around costing e-learning is that ‘traditional’ forms of teaching and learning would still allow for a pupil to pass exams and enter places like Oxbridge or Russel Group Universities; schools are still measured on their progress 8 scores and Ofsted currently do not have a strand for digital literacy and skills. In a (semi) post-COVID world, the debate is now about 21st-century pedagogy, digital skills and literacy for the digital age, process optimisation the cost of not investing regularly in IT infrastructure leading to potential cyber-attacks  (Harris Federation, 2021)

Written in 2012, the year Gangnam style grew exponentially in 6 months to reach 1 billion hits and Google Education re-defined cloud technology in and out of the classroom, Department of Education (2012), makes some essential points around cost savings and educational benefits or productivity of online-learning, including the various pedagogical models this could take. Ten years on, there is a lot more evidence around these areas including cost-benefit analysis of MS 0365 suggesting 301% Return on Investment (Bell, 2016) and examples where EdTech has reduced teacher workload, increased pupil engagement, better classroom management and greater academic progress (Learning by Questions, 2018).

LbQ Feedback 50 school report, LbQ (2018)

Also, in the post-covid era, the discussion is now around integrating the EdTech developments schools experienced during the lockdown periods in which they delivered remote teaching to how this can be assimilated in the classroom into what some term the new-norm of hybrid environment. Depending on roles, stakeholders would be interested in

a) Cost vs educational efficiency

b) Time investment in areas such as CPD

c) Degree to better educational outcomes.

d) Cyber security and IT infrastructure

e) Staff retention and opportunities for Continued Professional Development

This becomes difficult in some respects as much depends on the digital culture and maturity level; what works in one place may not work in another and would need to be adapted as part of a Digital Education strategy.  


Bell, D. (2016) ‘A Forrester Total Economic ImpactTM Study -The Total Economic ImpactTM Of Microsoft Office 365 PPM’, Integent, 18 February. Available at: (Accessed: 16 November 2021).

Department of Education (2012) Understanding the Implications of Online Learning for Educational Productivity Center for Technology in Learning SRI International. Available at: 

Harris Federation (2021) Ransomware Attack. Available at: (Accessed: 23 April 2021).

Learning by Questions (2018). Available at: (Accessed: 17 November 2021).


  1. pevans2

    An interesting and, for me, informative post. It will be interesting to watch the debate on the so-called 21st century skills and whether the dominance of exam performance and the traditional disciplines is eroded in any way.

    I would highlight that the Bell paper RoI is for MS365 in general and whether such returns could be found in the education sector is a debatable point. Additionally, the LbQ findings should be treated with some caution given the small sample size and that the survey is a self-report of intervention participants so will possibly be influenced by Hawthorn effects, confirmation bias and optimism bias.

    Your five key issues appear key and managing the balances between different stakeholder priorities seem to be a suitable agenda for change in the context of post-pandemic education.

  2. s2138788

    As with competences, I had also selected ‘value for money’ as one of my activities. Unlike the readings I covered, which mostly referred to the lack of clear evidence surfaced by research that digital education does, indeed, result in cost-savings, you offer references in support of such claims. Would you consider those sources credible and/or representative?

    You list some useful categories for the assessment of value for money, while acknowledging possible limiting factors. Do you have any thoughts on what priorities schools might see for assessing what worked well/did not work well during the pandemic to guide future thinking on hybrid teaching in a post-pandemic world?

    1. s1899447


      Re costs – yes, as there have been a number of educational organisations that have funded their EdTech project through cost savings from investing in technology.

      Re post-pandemic world, I think WWW/EBI would certainly help in planning for another lockdown; in terms of the future of education, this needs a vision – based on my experience of working in schools, things are not going to transform until the exam system and Ofsted framework are not changed to adopt innovation with EdTech as a strand to measure schools on.

      What are your thoughts on this?


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