The non-Markovian nature of turbulence 4: the Edwards energy balance as a Master Equation.
where is the transfer spectum: see  for further details. This equation is the Fourier transform of the better known Karman-Howarth equation in real space. But, although the KHE is a local energy balance in the separation of measuring points , the Lin equation is not actually a local energy balance in wavenumber space since the transfer spectrum depends on an integral of the triple-moment over all wavenumbers. For explicit forms, see .
but in theory it is more usual to work in terms of the latter quantity, and accordingly we transform (1) into
and from (3) the Edwards theory gives the Lin equation as:
Our next step is to compare this to the Master Equation and for simplicity we will consider a quantum system which can exist in any one of a large number of discrete states , where is a positive integer. The relevant equation is the Fermi master equation (see Section 9.1.2 of the book ), which may be written as:
where: is the probability of the system being in state ; is the conditional probability per unit time of the system jumping from state to state ; and the principle of jump rate symmetry gives us .
Either from this comparison with the Fermi master equation or from comparison with other master equations such as the Boltzmann equation, it is clear that the Edwards theory of turbulence is a Markovian approximation to turbulence which is itself non-Markovian. The two questions which now arise are: first, what are the implications for the other closures due to Kraichnan and to Herring? And, secondly, how did the Markovian nature of the Edwards theory come about? These will be dealt with in the next two posts?
 W. David McComb. Homogeneous, Isotropic Turbulence: Phenomenology, Renormalization and Statistical Closures. Oxford University Press, 2014.
 W. David McComb. Study Notes for Statistical Physics: A concise, unified overview of the subject. Bookboon, 2014. (Free to download from Bookboon.com)