Task 2 : Research Design Ideas
As per my proposed project, there have to be a variety of research methods as the project itself is not limited to answering one isolated question but to addressing many evils of society using one tool i.e. education.
Hence, it is first and foremost descriptive research design because we must first determine the availability or the lack thereof in each district and the number of schoolage children from a lower socioeconomic background who are and aren’t in school to determine where there is the most need for such a project, the data analysis at this stage will answer many of the questions such as what are the demographic characteristics of each region, how many children are out of school, and what percentage in comparison to available schools, what percentage of those children are female, or how many belong to a religious or ethnic minority. In the same vein it would be pertinent to have some qualitative data based on interviews, as well as quantitave data pertaining to forced conversions, religious hate crimes, number of places of worship and such details in order to gauge the risk factor for radicalisation of that certain region. For this first part of the research observation, case studies, statistical data, surveys and media archives can be a good place to start.
Once a suitable region is identified along with its problems and predominant family structure, occupations, religious beliefs, the second part comes into play where ethnographic research; one on one interviews, case studies and observation take the front seat as the families in that region are asked their problems, how they can be helped, what incentives may be provided in order to persuade them to keep their daughters and sons in school. I do not suggest surveys as I am familiar with the culture prevalent in such areas and since most of them are illiterate the written word is viewed with skepticism. Alongside this process a plan of action and particularly finances must be drawn up, so that at the next stage the idea can be pitched to partners and other NGO welfare organisations for funding. The plan of action itself will innvolve market research, legal research, the logistics and everyday requirements and through grounded theory the philosophical component, as to what education may be imparted in order to reverse radicalisation and dogmatism.
The main questions the initial research will attempt to answer is :
- How many schools are there in the selected districts?
- How many school aged children excluding those partaking in private education are there in aforementioned districts?
- How many of them are in school?
- How many of them are male and how many female and how many are LGBTQ?
- How many of them belong to a religious minority?
- How many of them belong to an ethnic minority?
- How many forced conversions and cases of religious violence have been registered in the last year?
- What is the average income?
- How many children does each household have on average?
- Which district is at highest risk?
All secondary research would be based on the answers to this question, wherein our most pressing question would become the incentivization plan to keep children in school while providing a school which allows parents some form of socioeconomic stability in perhaps the form of creating employment or helping them improve their skills and qualifications enabling them to find employment elsewhere. Because the idea is not of limiting education to a school, but to life long learning and the uplift of the whole society, embracing education and self development in all forms.