Dr. Mikaël Attal
Reader in Geomorphology @ the School of GeoSciences
|Address:||Institute of Geography, Drummond Street, Edinburgh EH8 9XP|
|Phone:||+44 (0) 131 650 8533|
|FAX:||+44 (0) 131 650 2524|
Publications: click here.
Why does teaching matters? See my blog post here.
My travel blog: Travels through geomorphology.
David Attenborough’s “A life on our planet“.
To my opinion, David Attenborough’s “witness statement” is the most honest, persuasive and poignant assessment of our planet’s natural environment. Beautiful, heartbreaking, hopeful. You have got to watch it.
Research interest: Within the Global Change research group, I am part of the Land Surface Dynamics research group (FOLLOW US ON TWITTER: http://twitter.com/edinlandsurf). I combine the analysis of real landscapes (collection of field data, topographic analysis) with numerical modelling and experimental studies to constrain the relationships between tectonics, erosion and the development of topography. My current research focuses on understanding the coupling between hillslopes and rivers, characterizing and quantifying fluvial erosion and transport processes in mountain rivers, and defining the role that sediments play in modulating fluvial erosion rates. My work can help extracting tectonic information from topography, with implication for assessing seismic and landslide hazard. Understanding the release and transfer of sediment can also help retrieving past tectonic and climatic signals in the geological archive (stratigraphy), as well as mitigating risks in sedimentary basins. The risks I am particularly interested in at the moment include flooding risk from in-channel sediment aggradation (e.g., response of Himalayan rivers to the recent Nepal 2015 earthquakes), and siltation and heavy metal pollution (e.g., environmental impact of nickel mining in the Philippines).
The School of GeoSciences website: http://www.geos.ed.ac.uk/.
Edinburgh PhD students:
|– EMMA GRAF is constraining sediment transfer from source to sink in the Himalaya, with a focus on the post-Gorkha 2015’s sediment pulse.|
|– CALLUM STRONG is investigating the effect of rock types on landscape morphology and the propagation of environmental signals. He is currently focusing on the Nile River.|
|– MASOOD REHMAN is assessing the feasibility of a community-based early warning system on the basis of vulnerability analysis in Balochistan, Pakistan.|
|– ANTHONY HOSKINS is investigating drainage reorganization in South Baja California, Mexico, to assess whether we can use landscapes to reconstruct the history of tectonically complex areas.|
|– ANYA TOWERS is assessing sediment mobility and transport in Scottish rivers.|
|– QIUYANG CHEN is looking at the relationships between vegetation and the morphology and function of large rivers.|
|– SARASWATI THAPA and PRAKASH POKHREL have joined the Kathmandu team within the Tomorrow’s Cities Hub. Prakash is studying the geomorphic and sedimentological evidence for long term earthquake and flood hazard in the Kathmandu Basin. Saraswati will be modelling the impact of sediment transport on flooding.|
|– Dr JUSTINE DOMINGO was investigating sediment and pollutant dispersion in mining-affected areas in the Philippines. He is starting a fellowship in the Philippines.|
|– Dr LAURA QUICK has been constraining sediment dynamics at the front of the Himalaya by comparing modern and ancient (Neogene) systems. She is doing a postdoc at the University of Glasgow.|
|– Dr BORIS GAILLETON has been looking at the post-orogenic evolution of the Carpathian mountain range (and coding – he loves coding). He is doing a postdoc at the GFZ in Potsdam.|
|– Dr CHRYSTIANN LAVARINI looked at bias in the detrital record due to pebble abrasion. He is working for CBEC eco engineering.|
|– Dr REBEKAH HARRIES unravelled climate and tectonic changes in the sediment record using the Jáchal region, South Central Andes as a natural laboratory. She is doing a postdoc at the CIGIDEN (Centro de Investigación para la Gestión Integrada del Riesgo de Desastres) in Chile.|
|– Dr LIZZIE DINGLE constrained river dynamics in the Himalayan foreland basin. She is doing a postdoc at Simon Fraser University in Canada.|
|– Dr FIONA CLUBB modelled the competition between climatic and geologic control on the development of landscapes. She is Assistant Professor at Durham University.|
|– Dr EDWIN BAYNES has quantified bedrock erosion during extreme flood events in Iceland. He is lecturer at Loughborough University.|
|See Ed’s Icelandic videos: Iceland PhD fieldwork June 2012 —– Iceland PhD fieldwork part 2, August 2012 —– A field work saga, Iceland 2013 —– Iceland: a research story.|
|Listen to Ed talking about his project on Radio New Zealand National (the interview covers many aspects of his project, it’s very nice – don’t get distracted by the opening sentence!): Podcast.|
|– Dr MARTIN HURST used hillslopes as recording devices to investigate how landscapes adjust to tectonic changes. He is Lecturer at the University of Glasgow.|
APPLY FOR A PhD PROJECT IN GEOSCIENCES.
To apply for a PhD or to browse the PhD projects available through the new E4 “Edinburgh Earth, Ecology and Environment” Doctoral Training Partnership funded by the NERC: https://www.ed.ac.uk/e4-dtp. Please check the deadlines, eligibility and funding rules before contacting a potential supervisor.
– LSDTopoTools Package
The Land Surface Dynamics group has released a package to do topographic analyses, including the “chi-analysis” (see Perron and Royden, 2013) which has the advantage of not being sensitive to the noise inherent to topographic data (i.e., slope-area data tend to be very noisy because of steps in river profiles). The paper presenting the tool and its application is available: click here. Simon Mudd and his team of hackers have designed a book in addition to the package. Both can be found on Github: the book and the package. Feel free to try it and give some feedback!
– “Geology and Landscapes”-related material
|– 12.5-m resolution DEM data now available (ALOS PALSAR DEM). See tutorial there: Link. The site with the data is there: https://vertex.daac.asf.alaska.edu/.|
|– 30-m resolution DEM from ALOS available now too. The data seems better quality than SRTM, made from more recent images (SRTM is from 2000 and this one is a mosaic of many images 2006-2011). The site with the registration form and data is there: https://www.eorc.jaxa.jp/ALOS/en/aw3d30/index.htm.|
|– To download SRTM data: http://earthexplorer.usgs.gov/.|
|– To download ASTER data: https://reverb.echo.nasa.gov/.|
|– Geological maps and cross-sections handout, presenting basic information on how to read a map and how to build a geological cross-section: Maps and cross-sections handout.|
|– Downloading 10-m resolution DEM data of the UK using the Digimap service. This handout presents the procedure to download the data and import it in ArcMap (note that access to Digimap is restricted): Digimap handout.|
|– Link to the geological version of Google map by the BGS (click on “map” then “simple view”): http://www.bgs.ac.uk/opengeoscience/.|
|– Cycling around the geology and geomorphology of Midlothian. Discover the geology and landscapes of Midlothian with a 52-km cycle loop starting from Edinburgh: Midlothian Geocycle handout.|
ArcMap / QGIS handouts for topographic analysis
|– Procedure to load data in Arc / QGIS, georeference images (e.g., geological maps) and do a basic topographic analysis (1st year practical):||Georeferencing – ArcScene handout||IGR_PracticalQGIS|
|– Topographic analysis handout, including how to perform basic topographic analysis, extract river profiles and visualise topography and geology in Arc / QGIS:||Topographic Analysis||Topographic Analysis Betics_QGIS|
|– Preparing a base map for field work:||Base map handout||See below|
Excellent QGIS training resources: webinars by Kurt Menke and Hans van der Kwast that “demonstrate the 7 chapters
of the book QGIS for Hydrological Applications – Recipes for Catchment Hydrology and Water Management”. Click here. The last one is about map design.
For those teaching in the Betics: I have digitised Weijemars’ original 1991 regional map, coloured the basement and the Messinian reef, and georeferenced in Google Earth. It is a great tool to navigate this area’s spectacular tectonic geomorphology! Download the kml file.
Determining sediment grain size distribution (GSD):
You will find here a handout and a series of useful files explaining how to determine a sediment GSD using photographic methods (and the software ERDAS IMAGINE) and volumetric methods (digging and sieving): Handout and Useful files.
Video of the Inchnadamph field trip (NW Scotland):
This is a lovely video made by Simon Jung about the two-week field trip that third year students in Earth Science attend. A nice taster of Scotland and its amazing geology and landscapes (to me, this is one of the most beautiful places in the world): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xe12VVXh93A&feature=youtu.be.
SteepestDescent talk, 3rd May 2014:
SteepestDescent is “a day of focused interactions and networking between people interested in surface dynamics” happening on the Saturday after the EGU conference, in the spirit of the Gilbert Club following the AGU conference. If you are interested in my talk: SteepestDescent.ppt.
Really cool: the Geological Society’s 100 great geosites: click HERE for the interactive map and exciting pictures.
I am a bit disappointed the Helmsdale Boulder beds are not featured…
INFLUENCE OF WOLVES ON RIVERS, beautifully illustrated and narrated: click HERE.
GRAVEL BED RIVERS CONFERENCE 8, September 2015:
The Gravel Bed Rivers conference 8 just took place in Kyoto and Takayama, Japan, on the theme “Gravel bed rivers and disasters”. The conference takes place every five years and leads to the production of a book presenting the work shown in the talks. You can find the list of talks (and therefore, incidentally, book chapters) there: GBR8 Programme. The talks have been recorded and can be seen there: GBR8 talks (my talk is in session 7, starting at ~30 minutes). The book is now available here. In the meantime, if you are interested in my talk on “Linkage between sediment transport and supply in mountain rivers”, here is the ppt: Part 1 and Part 2.
LANDSCAPES LIVE, November 2020:
Alex Whittaker and I were asked to present a tribute to Patience Cowie who sadly passed away at the beginning of the year. This is our Faulting and Landscapes presentation, where we tried to cover some of the many highlights of Patience’s work: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=drO2wj1pMp4&feature=youtu.be.