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Analysis seminar

The Edinburgh Analysis Seminar is held in person at 2pm on Mondays in JCMB 5323. It is currently organised by Linhan Li and Leonardo Tolomeo


Next talk

Monday, 4 March  2024

JCMB 5323

Global stability of Kaluza-Klein spacetimes

Zoe Wyatt (University of Cambridge)

 

Abstract: Spacetimes formed from the cartesian product of Minkowski spacetime and a compact space play an important role in supergravity and string theory. In this talk I will discuss a recent joint work with C. Huneau and A. Stingo showing the nonlinear classical stability of such a product spacetime in the case when the compact space is a flat torus. I will also explain how our result is connected to claims of Penrose and Witten.

 


Full Schedule

Spring 2024

 


Monday, 15 Janurary  2024

JCMB 5323

Variable coefficient Lp local smoothing and applications

Jonathan Hickman (UoE)

 

Abstract:

I will discuss some work in progress, concerning variable coefficient extensions of Lp local smoothing estimates for the Schrodinger propagator. This can be thought of as a counterpart to a classical oscillatory integral operator bound of Bourgain (1991). Whilst Bourgain’s result relies on studying Kakeya sets of curves, our Lp local smoothing result relies on studying Nikodym sets of curves. An important observation of Wisewell (2005) is that the Nikodym theory is surprisingly different from the Kakeya theory. Our work aims to further investigate and exploit these differences.
Part of an ongoing project, joint with Shaoming Guo, Marina Iliopoulou and Jim Wright.

 


Wednesday 3.05pm, 24 Janurary  2024

JCMB 5323

Future stability of spatially homogeneous Friedmann–Lemaitre–Robertson–Walker solutions of the Einstein–massless Vlasov system

Martin Taylor (Imperial College London)

 

Abstract: Spatially homogeneous Friedmann–Lemaitre–Robertson–Walker solutions constitute an infinite dimensional family of cosmological solutions of the Einstein–massless Vlasov system.  Each member describes a spatially homogenous universe, filled with massless particles, evolving from a big bang singularity and expanding towards the future at a decelerated rate.  I will present a theorem on the future stability of this family to spherically symmetric perturbations.


Monday, 29 Janurary  2024

JCMB 5323

Rectifiability and tangents in a rough Riemannian setting

Max Goering (University of Jyvaskyla)

 

Abstract: In the 1920s Besicovitch asked the question: What can one say about the structure of sets E in the plane, with the property that \lim_{r \downarrow 0} \frac{\mathcal{H}^{m}(E \cap B(x,r))}{r^{m}} =1 for almost every x \in E? In 1987 Preiss gave a complete answer to Besicovitch’s density question in the setting of measures. This groundbreaking work relies on his introduction of tangent measures. This talk will introduce tangent measures, their properties that make them so widely applicable, and discuss recent joint work with Tatiana Toro and Bobby Wilson where we introduce an anisotropic analog of tangent measures called \Lambda-tangents. I will then discuss applications of \Lambda-tangents to understanding geometric regularity of the support of a measure given analytic properties of the measure and relationships to PDE.


Monday, 5 February  2024

JCMB 5323

Deep-water and shallow-water limits of statistical equilibria for the intermediate long wave equation

Guopeng Li (UoE)

 

Abstract:

The Intermediate Long Wave equation (ILW) models the internal wave propagation of the interface in a stratified fluid of finite depth, establishing a natural connection between the deep-water regime (the Benjamin-Ono (BO) regime) and the shallow-water regime (the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) regime). In this talk, I will address convergence issues for ILW from a statistical mechanics viewpoint at different energy levels. By exploiting both the Hamiltonian and completely integrable structure of ILW, BO, and KdV, I will delve into the convergence of Hamiltonian and higher-order conservation laws for ILW, along with their associated measures and dynamics. Two interesting phenomena arise: (i) the modes of convergence of the measures in the deep-water and shallowwater limits differ. (ii) KdV, appearing in the shallow-water limit, possesses half as many conservation laws as ILW and BO, leading to a 2-to-1 collapse phenomenon.

This talk is based on joint works with Tadahiro Oh, Andreia Chapouto (both Edinburgh) and Guangqu Zheng (Liverpool).


Monday, 12 February  2024

 

JCMB 5323

Elliptic PDE with Hölder data in rough sets

Pablo Hidalgo-Palencia (ICMAT)

 

Abstract:  It has been known already for 100 years, since the work of Wiener, that domains need to satisfy some geometric conditions in order for harmonic functions to attain their boundary values in a continuous way. These geometric conditions in fact turn out to be valid for a much wider class of operators, as Littman, Stampacchia and Weinberger showed later (1963).In this talk, we will explore the quantitative extension of the last result: we will characterize the domains in which the Dirichlet problem with Hölder continuous boundary datum has solutions which arrive to the boundary in the desirable Hölder continuous way. Indeed, we will show that the capacity density condition that Aikawa (2002) showed to be optimal for the Laplacian, in fact works for general elliptic operators with merely bounded coefficients.This is joint work with M. Cao, J.M. Martell, C. Prisuelos-Arribas and Z. Zhao.


Monday, 19 February  2024 (Flexible Learning Week)


Monday, 26 February  2024

JCMB 5323

Stochastic compactness method and the Camassa–Holm equation with gradient noise

Peter H.C. Pang (University of Oslo)

 

Abstract:  

In this talk I intend to give an overview of a general schema for establishing existence of solutions in nonlinear SPDEs, and outline an application to the inviscid limit of the Camassa–Holm equation with gradient noise. The Camassa–Holm equation is a bi-Hamiltonian, nonlocal equation that exhibits non-uniqueness after a particular mode of blow-up known as wave-breaking. This talk is aimed at a general analysis audience, but I shall touch on interesting particulars of this equation and of gradient-type noise. This is primarily based on joint work with Helge Holden (NTNU), Kenneth Karlsen (Oslo), and Luca Galimberti (KCL) (2024, JDE, https://eur02.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fdoi.org%2F10.1016%2Fj.jde.2023.12.021&data=05%7C02%7C%7C6e932c03ea474d9b184808dc312acdcc%7C2e9f06b016694589878910a06934dc61%7C0%7C0%7C638439307105225558%7CUnknown%7CTWFpbGZsb3d8eyJWIjoiMC4wLjAwMDAiLCJQIjoiV2luMzIiLCJBTiI6Ik1haWwiLCJXVCI6Mn0%3D%7C0%7C%7C%7C&sdata=edertc5P17u0%2FI6kZDs6%2BikLnm2Axt7rjn7I031lKsk%3D&reserved=0).


Monday, 4 March  2024

JCMB 5323

Global stability of Kaluza-Klein spacetimes

Zoe Wyatt (University of Cambridge)

 

Abstract: Spacetimes formed from the cartesian product of Minkowski spacetime and a compact space play an important role in supergravity and string theory. In this talk I will discuss a recent joint work with C. Huneau and A. Stingo showing the nonlinear classical stability of such a product spacetime in the case when the compact space is a flat torus. I will also explain how our result is connected to claims of Penrose and Witten.


Monday, 11 March  2024

JCMB 5323

TBD

James Coe (UoE)

 

Abstract: TBD


Monday, 18 March  2024

JCMB 5323

TBD

Ben Krause (University of Bristol)

 

Abstract: TBD


Monday, 25 March  2024

JCMB 5323

TBD


Previous  semester

Autumn 2023


Monday, 18th September 2023

Disproving the Deift conjecture: the loss of almost periodicity

 

Andreia Chapouto (University of Edinburgh)

Abstract: In 2008, Deift conjectured that almost periodic initial data leads to almost periodic solutions to the Korteweg-de Vries equation (KdV). In this talk, we show that this is not always the case. Namely, we construct almost periodic initial data whose KdV evolution remains bounded but loses almost periodicity at a later time, by building on the new observation that the conjecture fails for the Airy equation. This is joint work with Rowan Killip and Monica Visan.

Monday, 25 September  2023

Counterexamples to the typical behaviour of elliptic measures on fractals

Polina Perstneva (Université Paris-Saclay)

Abstract:

Recent developments in Geometric Measure Theory have led to the understanding that, essentially, rectifiability of the boundary of a domain is necessary and sufficient for the harmonic measure to be (qualitatively) absolutely continuous with respect to the Hausdorff measure on that boundary. The counterpart of this is the following: for purely unrectifiable sets, the harmonic measure is singular with respect to the boundary measure.
Recall that a set E \subset \R^n is called d-rectifiable if it can be represented as a union of images of Lipschitz functions f_i: \mathbb{R}^d \to \mathbb{R}^n up to an \mathcal{H}^d-null set. A set E \subset \mathbb{R}^n is purely d-unrectifiable if it is an anti-pod of the previous: its intersection with any image of a Lipschitz function f:  \mathbb{R}^d \to \mathbb{R}^n has \mathcal{H}^d measure zero. Classical examples of unrectifiable sets are fractals: on the plane, the famous ones are the Koch snowflake, the four corners Cantor set, the Sierpinski carpet, etc.
It is also known that all the operators close to the Laplacian, which generates the harmonic measure, produce elliptic measures with the same properties as above. However, it turns out that for some unrectifiable sets on the plane there exists an elliptic operator with a scalar coefficient whose elliptic measure behaves in the opposite way than the harmonic measure does. We will discuss these counterexamples discovered in the last couple of years by G. David, S. Mayboroda, and the speaker, and look briefly into some open problems around them.

Wednesday 3 pm, 27 September  2023

JCMB 5326

On elliptic and parabolic PDEs in double divergence form

Seick Kim (Yonsei University)

Abstract:

We consider elliptic operator L^* of the form

    \[</div> <div>L^* u = \sum_{i,j=1}^d D_{ij}(a^{ij} u)-\sum_{i=1}^d D_i(b^i u) + cu.</div> <div>\]

The operator L^* is called double divergence form operator and it is the formal adjoint of the elliptic operator in non-divergence form L given by

    \[</div> <div>Lv = \sum_{i,j=1}^d a^{ij} D_{ij}u+\sum_{i=1}^d b^i D_i u + cu.</div> <div>\]

An important example of a double divergence form equation is the stationary Kolmogorov equation for invariant measures of a diffusion process.

We are concerned with regularity of weak solutions of L^* u=0 and show that Schauder type estimates are available when the coefficients are of Dini mean oscillation and b^i and c belong to certain function spaces.
We will also discuss some applications and parabolic counterparts.

Monday, 02 October  2023

JCMB 5323

Global well-posedness and quasi-invariance of Gaussian measures for fractional nonlinear Schrödinger equations,

Justin Forlano (University of Edinburgh)

Abstract:

In this talk, we discuss the long-time dynamics and statistical properties of solutions to the cubic fractional nonlinear Schrödinger equation (FNLS) on the one-dimensional torus, with Gaussian initial data of negative regularity. We prove that FNLS is almost surely globally well-posed and the associated Gaussian measure is quasi-invariant under the flow. In lower-dispersion settings, the regularity of the initial data is below that amenable to the deterministic well-posedness theory. In our approach, inspired by the seminal work by DiPerna-Lions (1989), we shift attention from the flow of FNLS to controlling solutions to the infinite-dimensional Liouville equation of the transported Gaussian measure. We establish suitable bounds in this setting, which we then transfer back to the equation by adapting Bourgain’s invariant measure argument to quasi-invariant measures.

This is a joint work with Leonardo Tolomeo (University of Edinburgh).


Monday, 09 October  2023

JCMB 5323

Assouad dimension and tangents of dynamically invariant sets

Alex Rutar (University of St. Andrews)

Abstract:

A tangent of a compact set is an accumulation point in Hausdorff distance given by ‘zooming in’ at a given point. For general compact sets, it is well-known that the Assouad dimension is characterized by dimensions of weak tangents (where the location of zooming in is allowed to change), but not necessarily characterized by tangents. However, for sets satisfying some form of dynamical invariance, it is reasonable to expect that more can be said. In fact, one would hope that most points have tangents that are as large as possible. I will discuss such phenomena in general, and for some particular families of sets which arise as attractors of iterated function systems. This is based on joint work with Antti Käenmäki (University of Oulu).


Monday, 16 October  2023

JCMB 5323

A semiclassical trace norm bound on certain commutators

Søren Mikkelsen

Abstract:

In a series of papers N. Benedikter, M. Porta and B. Schlein considered time evolution of systems of elementary particles (fermions). In these studies, they were able to describe how the particles evolve in time in certain settings given some initial state of the system. One assumption on the initial state was concerning a semiclassical bound on certain commutators. A mean-field version of this bound takes the form

    \[ \big\lVert [ A,  \boldsymbol{1}_{(-\infty,0]}(H_\hbar) ] \big\rVert_1 \leq C\hbar^{1-d}, \]

where H_\hbar = -\hbar^2\Delta +V is a Schrödinger operator,A is either the position operator X or the momentum operator -i\hbar\nabla, C is a positive constant and \lVert\cdot\rVert_{1} denotes the trace norm. In this talk we will discuss ideas and methods used in a proof of such semiclassical commutator bounds.


Monday, 23 October  2023

JCMB 5323

Weak turbulence on Schwarzschild-AdS spacetime

Georgios Moschidis (EPFL)

Abstract:

n the presence of confinement, the Einstein field equations are expected to exhibit turbulent dynamics. The simplest example of such behaviour is described by the AdS instability conjecture, put forward by Dafermos and Holzegel in 2006; this conjecture suggests that generic small perturbations of the AdS initial data lead to the formation of trapped surfaces when reflecting boundary conditions are imposed at conformal infinity. However, whether a similar scenario also holds in the more complicated case of the exterior region of an asymptotically AdS black hole spacetime has been the subject of debate.
In this talk, we will show that weak turbulence does emerge in the dynamics of a quasilinear toy model for the vacuum Einstein equations on the Schwarzschild-AdS exterior spacetimes for an open and dense set of black hole mass parameters. This is joint work with Christoph Kehle.

Monday, 30 October  2023

JCMB 5323

A Kakeya maximal function in the (first) Heisenberg group

Pietro Wald (University of Warwick)

Abstract:

The Kakeya conjecture is a prominent open problem in analysis, sitting at the intersection of geometric measure theory, harmonic analysis, and PDE.

In this talk, I will introduce the (first) Heisenberg group and a notion of Kakeya set in this setting. I will then discuss the corresponding Kakeya conjecture (first solved by J. Liu) and present a new solution based on a suitable adaptation of the Kakeya maximal function to the Heisenberg group. This is based on joint work with K. Fässler and A. Pinamonti.

Friday, 3 November  2023

JCMB 5323

Maxwell Analysis Mini-Symposium

Lucio Galeati (EPFL)

Regularisation by transport noise for 2D fluid dynamics equations

Abstract: A major question in fluid dynamics is to understand whether solutions to 2D incompressible Euler equations with L^p-valued vorticity are unique, for some p\in [1,\infty). A related problem, more probabilistic in flavour, is whether one can find a physically meaningful noise restoring well-posedness of the PDE.
In this talk I will present some recent advances on the latter, for a class of slightly regularised 2D Euler-type equations (specifically, logEuler and hypodissipative Navier-Stokes), in the presence of a rough Kraichnan-type noise, modelling the small scales of a turbulent fluid; uniqueness in law can then be shown for solutions with L^2-valued vorticity.
Based on a joint work with Dejun Luo (Beijing).

Joan Verdera (UAB)

Explicit minimisers of non-local energies

Abstract: Abstract_Verdera_Edinburgh.pdf


Monday, 13 November  2023

JCMB 5323

Singular integrals in Banach function spaces

Zoe Nieraeth (she/her), (Basque Center for Applied Mathematics)

Abstract: Singular integrals arise when studying properties of the solution of a given PDE by applying them to the initial data. Classically, this was studied for data belonging to weighted Lebesgue spaces. However, this is not always the right setting for every problem. For example, in recent years problems involving non-homogeneous data have been studied through weighted variable Lebesgue spaces, and elliptic boundary value problems through weighted Morrey spaces. These spaces are examples of the generalized notion of Banach function spaces. In this talk I will discuss a unification and extension to a limited range setting of some results classically studied for weighted Lebesgue spaces, such as the Rubio de Francia extrapolation theorem, through this general framework. I will also discuss an application to compact extrapolation that is part of a joint work with Emiel Lorist.


Wednesday, 22 November  2023

Newhaven Lecture Theatre, 15 South College Street, 2:30pm – 5pm

Joint Maxwell Analysis Seminar

 

Shape Optimisation for nonlocal anisotropic energies

Lucia Scardia (Heriot-Watt)

Abstract: TBC

 

The Euclidean \Phi^4_2 theory as the limit of an interacting Bose gas

Vedran Sohinger (Warwick)

Abstract: Gibbs measures of nonlinear Schrödinger equations are a fundamental object used to study low-regularity solutions with random initial data. In the dispersive PDE community, this point of view was pioneered by Bourgain in the 1990s. On the other hand, the nonlinear Schrödinger equation can be viewed a classical limit of many-body quantum theory. We are interested in the problem of the derivation of Gibbs measures as mean-field limits of Gibbs states in many-body quantum mechanics.

The particular case we consider is when the dimension d=2 and when the interaction potential is the delta function, which corresponds to the Euclidean \Phi^4_2 theory. The limit that we consider corresponds to taking the density to be large and the range of the interaction to be small in a controlled way. Our proof is based on two main ingredients.
(a) An infinite-dimensional stationary phase argument, based on a functional integral representation.
(b) A Nelson-type estimate for a nonlocal field theory in two dimensions.

This is joint work with J.Fröhlich, A. Knowles, and B. Schlein.


Monday, 27 November  2023

JCMB 5323

Heat flow regularisation, Brascamp—Lieb inequality, and convex
geometry

Shohei Nakamura (Birmingham & Osaka)

 

Abstract:This talk is based on the joint work with Hiroshi Tsuji (Osaka, Japan).
A close link between Brascamp—Lieb inequality and convex geometry was discovered by Kieth Ball; volume ratio estimate, reverse isoperimetric problem, Buseman-Petty problem etc.
In this talk we will report further link to the volume product of a convex body (Blaschke—Santaló inequality and Mahler’s conjecture).
Our principal observation is to understand the volume product as a regularising effect of the Ornstein—Uhlenbeck heat flow (hypercontractivity) which is one of  archetype example of Brascamp—Lieb inequality. We then exhibit a wealth of this new link.


Thursday, 7 December  2023

JCMB 5323

Hyperbolic sine-Gordon model beyond the first threshold

Younes Zine (EPFL)

 

Abstract: Over the last twenty years there has been significant progress in the well-posedness study of singular random dispersive PDEs with polynomial nonlinearities. The scenario when the nonlinearity is non-polynomial is however still poorly understood. The objective of this talk is to discuss recent progress in this direction. More precisely, I will discuss a joint work with T. Oh (Edinburgh) where we improve on the well-posedness issue for the hyperbolic sine-Gordon model introduced by Oh, Robert, Sosoe and Wang (2021). This model corresponds to the two-dimensional damped wave equation with the sine nonlinearity, forced by an additive space-time white noise.

I will first briefly review the well-posedness issue for singular stochastic wave equations with polynomial nonlinearities and explain why the tools and methods developed for their study are not applicable to the sine-Gordon equation at hand. I will then introduce a novel analytical setup, which we call the physical Fourier restriction norm method, that is well-suited for the study of random wave equations with non-polynomial nonlinearities. In particular, I will describe how, in this setting, the recent resolution of the three-dimensional cone multiplier conjecture by Guth, Wang and Zhang (2019) allows us to prove key deterministic bilinear estimates.

In the second part of the talk, I will provide details on the proof of the so-called nonlinear smoothing for the imaginary Gaussian multiplicative chaos, within the framework of the physical Fourier restriction norm method. This constitutes the main probabilistic step in our argument.


Spring 2023


Monday, 16 Jan 2023

Hyperbolic P(\Phi)_2 model on the plane

Hiro Oh (University of Edinburgh)

Abstract:I will discuss well-posedness of the stochastic damped nonlinear wave equation (SdNLW) forced by a space-time white noise with the Gibbsian initial data. This problem is also known as the hyperbolic \Phi^{k+1}_2-model since it corresponds to the so-called canonical stochastic quantization of the \Phi^{k+1}_2-measure. In this talk, our main goal is to study this problem on the plane.

I will first go over the well-posedness result on the two-dimensional torus studied by Gubinelli-Koch-Oh-Tolomeo (2022).  Then, by taking a large torus limit, I aim to construct invariant Gibbs dynamics for the hyperbolic \Phi^{k+1}_2-model on the plane.

In taking a large torus limit, I will discuss

(i) the construction of a \Phi^{k+1}_2-measure on the plane as a limit of the \Phi^{k+1}_2-measures on large tori. This is done by establishing coming-down-from-infinity for the associated stochastic nonlinear heat equation (SNLH) on the plane.

(ii) the construction of invariant Gibbs dynamics for the hyperbolic \Phi^{k+1}_2-model on the plane by taking a limit of the invariant Gibbs dynamics on large tori. Our strategy is inspired by a recent work by Oh-Okamoto-Tolomeo (2021) on the hyperbolic \Phi^3_3-model on the three-dimensional torus, where we reduce the problem to studying convergence of the so-called enhanced Gibbs measures. By combining wave and heat analysis together with ideas from optimal transport theory, I establish convergence of the enhanced Gibbs measures.

This talk is based on a joint work with Leonardo Tolomeo (The University of Edinburgh), Yuzhao Wang (University of Birmingham), and Guangqu Zheng (University of Liverpool).


Monday, 30 Jan 2023

Local well-posedness of a quadratic nonlinear Schrödinger equation on the two-dimensional torus.

Ruoyuan Liu (University of Edinburgh)

 

Abstract: In this talk, I will present results on local well-posedness of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLS) with the quadratic nonlinearity |u|^2, posed on the two-dimensional torus, from both determinstic and probabilistic points of view.

For the deterministic well-posedness, Bourgain (1993) proved local well-posedness of the quadratic NLS in H^s for any s > 0. In this talk, I will go over local well-posedness in L^2, thus resolving an open problem of 30 years since Bourgain (1993). In terms of ill-posedness in negative Sobolev spaces, this result is sharp. As a corollary, a multilinear version of the conjectural L^3-Strichartz estimate on the two-dimensional torus is obtained.

For the probabilistic well-posedness, I will talk about almost sure local well-posedness of the quadratic NLS with random initial data distributed according to a fractional derivative of the Gaussian free field, and also a certain probabilistic ill-posedness result when the initial data becomes very rough. In particular, this part of the talk shows that the prediction on the critical regularity made by the probabilistic scaling due to Deng, Nahmod, and Yue (2019) breaks down for this model.

The first part of the talk is based on a joint work with Tadahiro Oh (The University of Edinburgh).


Monday, 6 Feb 2023

Magnitude, diversity, homology

Emily Roff (University of Edinburgh)

Abstract: Magnitude is an isometric invariant of metric spaces, usually interpreted as assigning to each space a real-valued function on the positive half-line. Though its provenance is category-theoretic, the magnitude function of a compact metric space turns out to be a geometrically rich invariant, its asymptotics carrying subtle information about the intrinsic volumes of a space and the Willmore energy.

In recent years there have been rapid advances in our understanding of the magnitude function, particularly for submanifolds of Euclidean space—yet, many interesting questions still stand open. This talk will introduce the theory and survey recent results due to Gimperlein, Goffeng, Louca and Meckes. I will also describe aspects of my own work, joint with Leinster and extending results due to Leinster and Meckes, which link the study of magnitude to problems in the quantification of ecological diversity. Finally, I will sketch the connection to magnitude homology, an algebraic invariant designed to `categorify’ the magnitude function. Throughout, I will foreground open questions of an analytic nature.

 

 


Monday, 13 Feb 2023

Microscopic derivation of Gibbs measures for the 1D focusing nonlinear Schrödinger equation

Andrew Rout (University of Warwick)

Abstract: Gibbs measures for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLS) are important objects used to study low-regularity almost sure well-posedness. On the other hand, the NLS can be viewed as a limit of many-body quantum mechanics. In this talk we describe the derivation of Gibbs measures from their many-body quantum analogues.In particular, we consider dimension d=1 with a non-positive interaction potential. The proof is based off a perturbative expansion of the Hamiltonian and a diagrammatic representation of the interaction.

This is based on joint work with Vedran Sohinger.


Monday, 20 Feb 2023

A sharp Fourier extension inequality on the circle under arithmetic constraints

Valentina Ciccone (Universität Bonn)

Abstract:In this talk, we discuss a sharp Fourier extension inequality on the circle in the Stein-Tomas endpoint case for functions whose spectrum satisfies a certain arithmetic constraint. Such arithmetic constraint corresponds to a generalization of the notion of B_3-set.

This talk is based on a joint work with Felipe Gonçalves.

 


Monday, 6 March 2023

Boundary preimages of linear combinations of iterates of Blaschke products

Spyridon Kakaroumpas (University of Würzburg)

Abstract:

Let f be a finite Blaschke product on the unit disk with f(0)=0 that is not a rotation. Motivated by earlier results of M.~Weiss on lacunary power series, J.~J.~Donaire and A.~Nicolau proved that if (a_n)^{\infty}_{n=1} is a sequence of complex numbers such that \lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}a_n=0 and \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}|a_n|=\infty, then for all w\in\mathbb{C}, there exists \xi\in\mathbb{D} such that \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}a_nf^{n}(\xi)=w, where f^n denotes the n-th iterate of f (i.~e.~its composition with itself n times).
In this talk we discuss an extension of this result, which shows that under the same conditions on the coefficients (a_n)^{\infty}_{n=1}, the set E of all \xi\in\mathbb{D} such that \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}a_nf^n(\xi)=w has Hausdorff dimension 1. We use an iterative construction of appropriate Cantor-type sets, which depends on a careful analysis of the machinery developed by Donaire–Nicolau.
We also explore the optimality of our result under imposing more restrictive conditions on the coefficients (a_n)^{\infty}_{n=1}. On the one hand, for any fixed gauge function \varphi that is “better” than any power function, we provide conditions which ensure that the set E has positive \varphi-Hausdorff content. On the other hand, we also provide conditions which ensure that E has zero \varphi-Hausdorff content, in the important special case that the Blaschke product f is of the form f(z)=z^m.
This is joint work with O.~Soler i Gibert.

Monday, 13 March 2023

Dimensions of infinitely generated self-conformal sets

Amlan Banaji (Loughborough University)

Abstract: Many fractals can be realised as the limit set of an iterated function system (IFS) of contracting maps. If the IFS consists of a countably infinite number of maps, then different notions of fractal dimension of the resulting limit set, such as Hausdorff, box and Assouad-type dimensions, can take different values, even if the contractions are assumed to be conformal and well-separated. We will explain what is known about these dimensions in this setting, and describe applications to parabolic Cantor sets, and to sets of numbers which have continued fraction expansions with restricted entries. This talk is based on joint work with Jonathan Fraser.

Monday, 27 March 2023

Solvability of the Poisson problem with interior data in L^p Carleson spaces and its applications to the regularity problem.

Bruno Poggi Cevallos (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)

Abstract: On Corkscrew domains with Ahlfors-regular boundary, we prove the equivalence of the classically considered L^p-solvability of the (homogeneous) Dirichlet problem with the solvability of the inhomogeneous Poisson problem with interior data in an L^p-Carleson space (with a natural bound on the L^p norm of the non-tangential maximal function of the solution), and we study several applications. Our main application is towards the L^q Dirichlet-regularity problem for second-order elliptic operators satisfying the Dahlberg-Kenig-Pipher condition (this is, roughly speaking, a Carleson measure condition on the square of the gradient of the coefficients), in the geometric generality of bounded Corkscrew domains with uniformly rectifiable boundaries (although this problem had been open even in the unit ball). Other applications include: several new characterizations of the L^p-solvability of the Dirichlet problem, new non-tangential maximal function estimates for the Green’s function, a new local T1-type theorem for the L^p solvability of the Dirichlet problem, new estimates for eigenfunctions, free boundary theorems, and a bridge to the theory of the Filoche-Mayboroda landscape function (also known as torsion function). This is joint work with Mihalis Mourgoglou and Xavier Tolsa.

 


Friday, 31 March 2023, 14:00 – 17:30, Appleton Tower Lecture Theatre 3 

Maxwell Mini-Symposium in Harmonic Analysis and PDE

https://www.maths.ed.ac.uk/~toh/Files/2023MI/MI03_2023.html

 

Nicolas Burq (Universite Paris-Saclay and Institut Universitaire de France),

Mathieu Lewin (CNRS and Universite Paris Dauphine, France),

Maciej Zworski (UC Berkeley, USA)

 

14:00 – 14:50: Nicolas Burq (Université Paris-Saclay and Institut Universitaire de France)

Title: Propagation of Smallness, Control and Stabilisation

Abstract: Control and stabilization are now well understood when controls or damping act on open sets. When they act on measurable sets only, much remains to be understood. In this talk I will present results in this direction. In most cases (but not always) the results I will present will rely on the quantitative results of Logunov/Malinnikova for harmonic functions that can be translated into control or stabilisation results for heat, waves or Schrodinger equations. Most of the results presented in the talk are in collaboration with I. Moyano (Univ. Nice).


15:00 – 15:50: Mathieu Lewin (CNRS and Université Paris Dauphine, France)

Title: Derivation of nonlinear Gibbs measures from many-body quantum mechanics

Abstract: In this talk, I will define and discuss some probability measures in infinite dimensions, which play an important role in (S)PDE, in Quantum Field Theory and for the description of Bose-Einstein condensates. Those are Gibbs measures associated with nonlinear Schrodinger-type energies. In dimensions larger than or equal to 2, the measures concentrate on distributions, and they need to be properly renormalized. After presenting the Gibbs measures, I will explain how to derive them from many-body quantum mechanics. Joint works with Phan Thanh Nam (Munich) and Nicolas Rougerie (Lyon).


16:30 – 17:20: Maciej Zworski (University of California at Berkeley, USA)

Title: Mathematics of magic angles

Abstract: Magic angles are a hot topic in condensed matter physics: when two sheets of graphene are twisted by those angles the resulting material is superconducting. I will present a very simple operator whose spectral properties are thought to determine which angles are magical. It comes from a 2019 PR Letter by Tarnopolsky–Kruchkov–Vishwanath. The mathematics behind this is an elementary blend of representation theory (of the Heisenberg group in characteristic three), Jacobi theta functions and spectral instability of non-self-adjoint operators (involving Hormander’s bracket condition in a very simple setting). Recent mathematical progress also includes the proof of existence of generalized magic angles and computer assisted proofs of existence of real ones (Luskin–Watson, 2021). The results will be illustrated by colourful numerics which suggest many open problems (joint work with S Becker, M Embree, J Wittsten in 2020 and S Becker, T Humbert and M Hitrik in 2022).

 


Monday, 3 April 2023, 2.05pm 

Retiring the third law of black hole thermodynamics

Ryan Unger (Princeton University)

Abstract: In this talk I will present a rigorous construction of examples of black hole formation which are exactly isometric to extremal Reissner–Nordström after finite time. In particular, our result can be viewed as a definitive disproof of the “third law of black hole thermodynamics.” This is joint work with Christoph Kehle.

Monday, 3 April 2023, 3.00pm  JCMB_Lecture Theatre B

The modified Korteweg-de Vries flow around self-similar solutions:large-time asymptotics and blow-up stability

Simão Correia (Instituto Superior Técnico)

 

Abstract:  Self-similar solutions for the modified Korteweg-de Vries equation areof both physical and mathematical interest. On the physical side, amongseveral applications, they model the formation of sharp corners inplanar vortex patches. Mathematically, they describe the asymptoticbehavior of solutions for large times and present a blow-up behavior atthe initial time. Due to their scaling invariance, these solutionsdisplay several critical features (time decay, spatial decay andregularity), which means that the existing theory is not applicable. Inthis talk, I will show that one can define the flow around thesesolutions in order to analyze both the long-time and the blow-upasymptotics. Afterwards, I will present a stability result at theblow-up time and discuss future developments. This is joint work with R.Côte and L. Vega.

 


Friday, 21 April 2023  from 2.00 p.m, Saturday 22nd April 2023 from 9.30.a.m, George Square area  

North British Functional Analysis Seminar meeting

 

 


Summer 2023

 

Monday, 24 April 2023

Harmonic measure on Cantor sets in the plane

Antoine Julia (Université Paris-Saclay)

Abstract: I will present three definitions of harmonic measure in plane domains, and discuss the relationship between the regularity of the harmonic measure and that of the domain. In particular I will explain how one can construct an irregular domain (the complement of a certain Cantor set) for which the harmonic measure is regular. This is based on joint work with Guy David and Cole Jeznach.

Monday, 1 May 2023

Green functions, smooth distances, and uniform rectifiability.

Joseph Feneuil (Australian National University)

Abstract:

The past 10 years have seen considerable achievements at the intersection of harmonic analysis, PDE, and geometric measure theory. One now better understands the relationship between the geometry of the boundary of a domain and the regularity of harmonic/elliptic solutions inside the domain. For instance, it was proved that the uniform rectifiability (UR) of a codimension 1 set is characterized by the A_\infty-absolute continuity of its harmonic measure with respect to the surface measure – or equivalently the solvability of a L^p Dirichlet problem in the complement.
In this talk, I will show that another characterization of UR sets of codimension 1 can be obtained by comparing Green function G with some regularized version of the distance to the boundary. Moreover, I will obtain a characterization of any UR set of any codimension by an estimate on \nabla|\nabla G|. Those are joint works with Guy David, Linhan Li, and Svitlana Mayboroda.

Thursday 1st June 2023, 4.p.m.

JCMB 5323

Dualities on sets and how they appear in optimal transport

Katarzyna Wyczesany

 
Abstract: In this talk, we will discuss order reversing quasi involutions, which are dualities on their image, and their properties. We prove that any order reversing quasi-involution is of a special form, which arose from the consideration of optimal transport problem with respect to costs that attain infinite values. We will discuss how this unified point of view on order reversing quasi-involutions helps to deeper the understanding of the underlying structures and principles. We will provide many examples and ways to construct new order reversing quasi-involutions from given ones. This talk is based on joint work with Shiri Artstein-Avidan and Shay Sadovsky.

Previous Semester

Autumn 2022


Monday, 26 September 2022

On the boundedness of maximal singular bilinear operators

Arpad Benyi (Western Washington University)

Abstract: We will begin with an outline of the general setting and the history of several operators of interest in harmonic analysis. Then, we will discuss the continuity of some operators stemming from a maximally modulated bilinear Hilbert transform along a cubic curve.

Monday, 03 October 2022

Convergence problems for singular stochastic dynamics

Younes Zine (University of Edinburgh)

 

Abstract: Over the last twenty years there has been significant progress in the well-posedness study of singular stochastic PDEs in both parabolic and dispersive settings. In this talk, I will discuss some convergence problems for singular stochastic nonlinear PDEs. In a seminal work, Da Prato and Debussche (2003) established well-posedness of the stochastic quantization equation, also known as the parabolic Φk+12-model in the two-dimensional case. More recently, Gubinelli, Koch, Oh, and Tolomeo proved the corresponding well-posedness for the canonical stochastic quantization equation, also known as the hyperbolic Φk+12-model in the two-dimensional case. In the first part of this talk, I will describe convergence of the hyperbolic Φk+12-model to the parabolic Φk+12-model. In the dispersive setting, Bourgain (1996) established well-posedness for the dispersive Φ42-model (=deterministic cubic nonlinear Schrödinger equation) on the two-dimensional torus with Gibbsian initial data. In the second part of the talk, I will discuss the convergence of the stochastic complex Ginzburg-Landau equation (= complex-valued version of the parabolic Φ42-model) to the dispersive Φ42-model at statistical equilibrium.


Monday, 10 October 2022

A new approach to the Fourier extension problem for the paraboloid.

Itamar Oliveira (Université de Nantes)

Abstract: In this talk we will propose a new way of using lower dimensional information to obtain higher dimensional ones in the context of the Fourier restriction/extension problem. We will focus on the simplest multilinear case, which is the bilinear problem for functions in 2 variables supported in disjoint caps of the paraboloid; in this setting, we will recover Tao’s L^2 \times L^2 into L^{5/3+\varepsilon} bound assuming that one of the functions is a tensor. Broadly speaking, the proof depends on carefully combining a vector-valued version of the one-dimensional analog result (L^2 \times L^2 into L^2) and curvature considerations. If time allows, we will talk about the k-linear problem for k>2, where the method achieves the conjectured exponent up to the endpoint assuming one tensor structure, but now under weak transversality rather than classical transversality.

Monday, 17 October 2022

The p-adic Kakeya conjecture

Bodan Arsovski (UCL)

 

Abstract: In this talk, we prove the natural analogue of the Kakeya conjecture in the alternative ambient space \mathbb{Q}_p^n, and we discuss some philosophical similarities and differences between this variant of the Kakeya conjecture and the classical Kakeya conjecture in \mathbb{R}^n.

Monday, 24 October 2022

Deriving effective PDEs from many-body Schrödinger equations

Jinyeop Lee (LMU Munich)

Abstract: In this talk, we derive effective dynamics governed by PDEs (nonlinear Schrodinger equation, Vlasov-Poisson equation) from the N-body Schrödinger equation with interactions in the large N limit. For the derivation, we first visit quantum mechanics. Then, using the knowledge of many-body quantum mechanics given in the talk and the suitable conditions for each situation, we derive PDEs describing the effective motion of the system.

Friday, 4 November 14:00 — 17:40, Newhaven Lecture Theatre (13-15 South College Street)

Maxwell Analysis Mini-Symposium

Matteo Capoferri (HW), Jan Sbierski (UoE), Leonardo Tolomeo (UoE), Jiawei Li (UoE)

14:00-14:40 Matteo Capoferri: Spectral theory of systems of PDEs

14:50-15:30 Jan Sbierski: On the uniqueness problem for extensions of Lorentzian manifolds

15:35-16:05 Coffee break

16:05-16:45 Leonardo Tolomeo: Phase transitions of the focusing Φ^p_1 measures 

16:55-17:35 Jiawei Li: On distributions of random fields in turbulent flows 

Matteo Capoferri:

Title: Spectral theory of systems of PDEs

Abstract: I will present a new approach to the spectral theory of systems of PDEs on closed manifolds, developed in a series of recent papers by Dmitri Vassiliev (UCL) and myself, based on the use of pseudodifferential projections. Emphasis will be placed on ideas and motivation; the talk will include a brief historical overview of the development of the subject area.

Jan Sbierski:
Title: On the uniqueness problem for extensions of Lorentzian manifolds
Abstract: This talk discusses the problem under what conditions two extensions of a Lorentzian manifold have to be the same at the boundary. As will be explained, this question arises naturally in the analysis of Einstein’s equations of general relativity. After making precise the notion of two extensions agreeing at the boundary, we recall a classical example that shows that even under the assumption of analyticity of the extensions, uniqueness at the boundary is in general false — in stark contrast to the extension problem for functions on Euclidean space. We proceed by presenting a recent result that gives a necessary condition for two extensions with at least Lipschitz continuous metrics to agree at the boundary. Furthermore, we discuss the relation to a previous result by Chruściel and demonstrate a new non-uniqueness mechanism for extensions below Lipschitz regularity.
Leonardo Tolomeo:
Title: Phase transitions of the focusing Φ^p_1 measures

Abstract: We study the behaviour of invariant measures for the focusing nonlinear Schrödinger equation on the one-dimensional torus, initiated by Lebowitz, Rose, and Speer (1988). Because of the focusing nature of the measure, it is necessary to introduce a mass cutoff K, and restrict the measure to the set where the mass is smaller than K. We will show the following phase transitions:

– When K is smaller than a certain threshold, the measure is well defined, while for K bigger than the threshold, the measure becomes non-normalisable. We will also discuss what happens at the optimal threshold, and show that the measure is well defined in this case as well, solving a long-standing open problem. This is a joint work with T. Oh (University of Edinburgh) and P. Sosoe (Cornell University).

– When the size L of the torus is going to infinity, in the weakly non-linear regime, numeric simulations in the original paper by Lebowitz, Rose, and Speer (1988) suggest a phase transition depending on the temperature of the system. We show that this is indeed the case: if the temperature is high, the measure converges to a given gaussian measure. However, this convergence does not happen in the low-temperature regime, and instead the measure progressively concentrates around a single soliton. This is a joint work with H. Weber (University of Münster).
Jiawei Li:

Title: On distributions of random fields in turbulent flows

Abstract: In this talk, we are interested in the vorticity and velocity random fields of turbulent flows. I will introduce the evolution equations for probability density functions of these random fields under some conditions on the flow. I will also talk about several methods we used to solve these PDF PDEs numerically. Based on joint works with Zhongmin Qian and Mingrui Zhou.


Monday, 7 November 2022

Hausdorff dimension of self-projective sets

Natalia Jurga (University of St Andrews)

 

Abstract: A finite set of matrices A \subset SL(2,R) acts on one-dimensional real projective space RP^1 through its linear action on R^2. In this talk we will be interested in the limit set of A: the smallest closed subset of RP^1 which contains all attracting fixed points of matrices belonging to the semigroup generated by A. This talk will be a gentle introduction to various topics connected to the study of the geometry of these sets and we will discuss recent results concerning their Hausdorff dimension.

Monday, 14 November 2022

Jennifer Duncan (University of Birmingham) 

Transversality in Harmonic Analysis and the Brascamp–Lieb Inequalities

 

Abstract: In modern harmonic analysis, there is a ubiquity of operators whose functional-analytic properties depend on the geometric properties of an underlying submanifold, such as Fourier extension operators and Radon-like transforms. In the analysis of the boundedness of such operators, it is often useful to employ a linear-to-multilinear reduction so that one may appeal to a multilinearised version of the linear estimate one would like to obtain. These multilinear estimates usually require that the submanifolds involved are uniformly transversal in some suitable sense, however, standard linear algebra tools are sometimes insufficient to capture an appropriately general notion of transversality for the estimates in which we are interested. Brascamp–Lieb inequalities offer a robust framework for understanding this higher-order notion transversality in a manner that is well-suited to applications in harmonic analysis. In my talk, I shall introduce the notion of a Brascamp–Lieb inequality, describe the broader role they play in the subject, and go on to discuss the topic of nonlinear Brascamp–Lieb inequalities, a recent variant that generalises this framework to the manifold setting.

Monday, 21 November 2022

Obstruction-free gluing for the Einstein equations

Stefan Czimek (Leipzig University)

Abstract: We present a new approach to the gluing problem in General Relativity, that is, the problem of matching two solutions of the Einstein equations along a spacelike or characteristic (null) hypersurface. In contrast to previous constructions, the new perspective actively utilizes the nonlinearity of the constraint equations. As a result, we are able to remove the 10-dimensional spaces of obstructions to gluing present in the literature. As application, we show that any asymptotically flat spacelike initial data set can be glued to Schwarzschild initial data of sufficiently large mass. This is joint work with I. Rodnianski.

Monday, 28 November 2022

On the extension of surjective operators and its applications

Lenny Neyt (Ghent University) 

Abstract: We discuss necessary and sufficient conditions for when the surjectivity of a continuous linear operator between two locally convex spaces implies the surjectivity of the tensorized operator with some topological vector space. This is done via the presence of certain deep topological invariants on the kernel and the vector space, stemming from the application of tools from homological algebra into the field of functional analysis. As an application of these results we discuss the parameter dependence of solutions to partial differential equations and vector-valued extensions of Eidelheit sequences.   

Monday, 5 December 2022, JCMB 5328, 2.05pm – 4.00pm

Some probabilistic approaches to NLS in Euclidean space

Nicolas Camps

 

Abstract: Following the seminal works of Bourgain (1996), and Burq, Tzvetkov (2008), a statistical approach to nonlinear dispersive equations has developed in various contexts. One aspect of the theory is to generate full-measure sets of initial data that lead to strong solutions in certain regimes where instabilities are known to occur.

We discuss the probabilistic Cauchy theory in supercritical regimes for NLS in Euclidean space developed by Bényi, Oh, and Pocovnicu in 2015. In contrast, we proved with Louise Gassot that the pathological set —consisting of initial data that undergoes norm inflation— contains a dense G-delta set. This result is inspired by a construction of Lebeau (2001) and Sun-Tzvetkov (2019) for nonlinear wave equations. 
The second part is devoted to the case of weakly dispersive equations in quasi-linear regimes, where the standard probabilistic Cauchy theory fails. We present recent developments based on a paracontrolled ansatz due to Bringmann (2019), which we exploit to prove almost-sure local well-posedness for a class of weakly dispersive equations such as the half-wave equation and the Szego equations. This last result is obtained in collaboration with Louise Gassot and Slim Ibrahim.

Zero-dispersion limit for the Benjamin-Ono equation on the torus

Louise Gassot (University of Basel)

 

Abstract:We discuss the zero-dispersion limit for the Benjamin-Ono equation on the torus given a bell-shaped initial data. We prove that the solutions admit a weak limit as the dispersion parameter tends to zero, which is explicit and constructed from the Burgers’ equation. The approach relies on the complete integrability for the Benjamin-Ono equation from Gérard, Kappeler and Topalov, and also on the spectral study of the Lax operator associated to the initial data in the zero-dispersion limit.

Summer 2022

 

Friday, 29 April 2022

Spectrum of the Maxwell Equations for the Flat Interface between Homogeneous Dispersive Media

Ian Wood (University of Kent)

(Virtual Maxwell Analysis Seminar)

Abstract:

We determine and classify the spectrum of a non-selfadjoint operator pencil generated by the time-harmonic Maxwell problem with a nonlinear dependence on the frequency. More specifically, we consider one- and two-dimensional reductions for the case of two homogeneous materials joined at a planar interface. The dependence on the spectral parameter, i.e. the frequency, is in the dielectric function and we make no assumptions on its form. In order to allow also for non-conservative media, the dielectric function is allowed to be complex, yielding a non-selfadjoint problem. This is joint work with Malcolm Brown (Cardiff), Tomas Dohnal (Halle) and Michael Plum (Karlsruhe).


Friday, 13 May 2022

Generated Jacobian equations and applications to nonimaging optics

Boris Thibert (Universite Grenoble Alpes)

(Virtual Maxwell Analysis Seminar)

Abstract:

Generated Jacobian Equations have been introduced in 2014 by Trudinger as a generalization of Monge-Ampère equations arising in optimal transport. They were originally motivated by inverse problems arising in non-imaging optics, where the goal is to design optical components, such as mirrors or lenses, that transfer a given source light to a prescribed target light.In this talk, I will present a Newton algorithm for solving Generated Jacobian equations in the semi-discrete setting, meaning that one of the measures involved in the problem is finitely supported and the other one is absolutely continuous. Then I will apply it to the design of different kinds of mirrors or lenses that allow to transfer any punctual or collimated source to any target. This work is in collaboration with Anatole Gallouet and Quentin Mérigot.


Wednesday, 13 July 2022

Spectral theory of high-contrast random media

Matteo Capoferri (Prifysgol Caerdydd)

 

Abstract:

The talk is concerned with the rigorous mathematical description of propagation and localisation of waves in a particular class of composite materials with random microscopic geometry, called micro-resonant (or high-contrast) random media: small inclusions of a “soft” material are randomly dispersed in a “stiff” matrix.  The highly contrasting physical properties of the two constituents,  combined with a particular scaling of the inclusions,  result in microscopic resonances, which manifest macroscopically by allowing propagation of waves in the material only within certain ranges of frequencies (band-gap spectrum).

High-contrast media with periodically distributed inclusions have been extensively studied and numerous results are available in the literature.  However,  their stochastic counterparts, which model more realistic scenarios and may exhibit localisation,  are far from being well understood from a mathematical viewpoint.  In my talk I will give an overview of existing results through the prism of stochastic homogenisation and spectral theory, and discuss recent advances and ongoing work.

Based on joint work with M. Cherdantsev and I. Velčić.


Monday, 8 August 2022

Vector valued extensions of operators through sparse domination and a multilinear UMD condition

Zoe Nieraeth (BCAM)

 

Abstract:

Vector-valued extensions of important operators in harmonic analysis have been actively studied in the past decades. A centerpoint of the theory is the result of Burkholder and Bourgain that the Hilbert transform extends to a bounded operator on L^p(R;X) if and only if the Banach space X has the so-called UMD property. In the specific case where X is a Banach function space, it is a deep result of Bourgain and Rubio de Francia that the UMD property is equivalent to the Hardy-Littlewood maximal operator having a bounded extension to both X and X’. In turn, this leads to powerful vector-valued extrapolation methods. In this talk I will place these ideas in the context of the more modern technique of domination by sparse forms. These forms are intimately related to Muckenhoupt weight classes and the multilsubinear Hardy-Littlewood maximal operator. Moreover, I will discuss some of work done in extending the UMD property to a multilinear setting. This talk is based on joint work with Emiel Lorist.


Wednesday, 10 August 2022

The Gregory–Laflamme Instability of the 5D Schwarzschild Black String Exterior

Sam Collingbourne (University of Cambridge)

 

Abstract: I will discuss a direct rigorous mathematical proof of the Gregory–Laflamme instability for the 5D Schwarzschild black string. This is a mode instability at the level of the linearised vacuum Einstein equation. Under a choice of ansatz for the perturbation and a gauge choice, the linearised vacuum Einstein equation can be reduced to a Schrödinger eigenvalue equation to which an energy functional is assigned. It is then shown by direct variational methods that the lowest eigenfunction gives rise to an exponentially growing mode solution which has admissible behaviour at the future event horizon and spacelike infinity in harmonic/transverse-traceless gauge.

 


Thursday 1st June 2023

Dualities on sets and how they appear in optimal transport

Katarzyna Wyczesany

 
Abstract: In this talk, we will discuss order reversing quasi involutions, which are dualities on their image, and their properties. We prove that any order reversing quasi-involution is of a special form, which arose from the consideration of optimal transport problem with respect to costs that attain infinite values. We will discuss how this unified point of view on order reversing quasi-involutions helps to deeper the understanding of the underlying structures and principles. We will provide many examples and ways to construct new order reversing quasi-involutions from given ones. This talk is based on joint work with Shiri Artstein-Avidan and Shay Sadovsky.

 


Previous semesters (Virtual Maxwell Analysis Seminar)

Spring 2022

 

Friday, 21st January 2022

A dyadic approach to products of functions in H^1 and BMO

Odysseas Bakas (Basque Center for Applied Mathematics)

 

Abstract:

In 2011 Bonami, Grellier, and Ky proved that the product of a function in the Hardy space H^1 and a function of bounded mean oscillation can be written, in the sense of distributions, as a sum of an integrable function and an element in an appropriate Hardy-Orlicz space. Moreover, they showed that the decomposition operators can be taken to be bilinear.

In this talk we present a dyadic analogue of the result of Bonami, Grellier, and Ky and we show how their theorem can be recovered from its dyadic counterparts. Related topics in one and several parameters will also be discussed.

This is joint work Sandra Pott, Salvador Rodríguez-López, and Alan Sola.


Friday, 4th February 2022

Multijoints and Duality

Michael Tang (University of Edinburgh)

 

Abstract:

The multijoint problem is a discrete analogue to the multilinear Kakeya problem, and was solved by Zhang in 2016. More recently in 2020, Tidor, Yu and Zhao solved higher-dimensional generalisations of the multijoint problem. The multijoint and multilinear Kakeya problems can both be described by geometric multilinear inequalities for which there is a theory of duality, as established by Carbery, Hanninen and Valdimarsson. While the dual multilinear Kakeya problem is well understood, until now, the dual multijoint problem was not, despite the multijoint problem being solved by Zhang in 2016.

In this talk we formulate the multijoint problem as the boundedness of a multilinear operator and present a discrete analogue of a theorem due to Bourgain and Guth.


Friday, 11th February 2022

Diophantine Approximation as Cosmic Censor for AdS Black Holes

Christoph Kehle (Insitute for Advanced Study)

 

Abstract:

The statement that general relativity is a deterministic theory finds its mathematical formulation in the celebrated ‘Strong Cosmic Censorship Conjecture’ due to Roger Penrose. I will present my recent results on the linear analog of this conjecture in the case of negative cosmological constant. It turns out that this is intimately tied to Diophantine properties of a suitable ratio of mass and angular momentum of the black hole and that the validity of the conjecture depends in an unexpected way on the notion of genericity imposed.


Friday, 25th February 2022

Stability for geometric and functional inequalities

João Pedro Ramos (ETH Zürich)

 

Abstract:

The celebrated isoperimetric inequality states that, for a measurable set S \subset \mathbb{R}^n, the inequality

    \[ \text{per}(S) \ge n \text{vol}(S)^{\frac{n-1}{n}} \text{vol}(B_1)^{\frac{1}{n}} \]

holds, where \text{per}(S) denotes the perimeter (or surface area) of S, and equality holds if and only if S is an euclidean ball. This result has many applications throughout analysis, but an interesting feature is that it can be obtained as a corollary of a more general inequality, the Brunn–Minkowski theorem: if A,B \subset \mathbb{R}^n, define A+B = \{ a+b, a \in A, b\in B\}. Then

    \[ |A+B|^{1/n} \ge |A|^{1/n} + |B|^{1/n}. \]

Here, equality holds if and only if A and B are homothetic and convex. A question pertaining to both these results, that aims to exploit deeper features of the geometry behind them, is that of stability: if S is close to being optimal for the isoperimetric inequality, can we say that A is close to being a ball? Analogously, if A,B are close to being optimal for Brunn–Minkowski, can we say they are close to being compact and convex?

These questions, as stand, have been answered only in very recent efforts by several mathematicians. In this talk, we shall outline these results, with focus on the following new result, obtained jointly with A. Figalli and K. Boroczky. If f,g are two non-negative measurable functions on \mathbb{R}^n, and h:\mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}_{\ge 0} is measurable such that

    \[ h(x+y) \ge f(2x)^{1/2} g(2y)^{1/2}, \, \forall x,y \in \mathbb{R}^n, \]

then the Prekopa–Leindler inequality asserts that

    \[ \int h \ge \left(\int f\right)^{1/2} \left( \int g\right)^{1/2}, \]

where equality holds if and only if h is log-concave, and f,g are `homothetic’ to h, in a suitable sense. We prove that, if \int h \le (1+\varepsilon) \left(\int f\right)^{1/2} \left( \int g\right)^{1/2}, then f,g,h are \varepsilon^{\gamma_n}- L^1-close to being optimal. We will discuss the general idea for the proof and, time-allowing, discuss on a conjectured sharper version.

 


Friday, 4th March 2022

Existence and uniqueness of solutions for the rotation-Camassa-Holm equation

Priscila Leal da Silva (Loughborough)

 

Abstract:

Since the discovery of the Camassa-Holm equation as an integrable peakon-equation, intense research has been dedicated to its generalisations of it and to the study of their solutions. Of particular interest in this talk is the rotation-Camassa-Holm equation (rCH), a nonlocally evolutive equation that takes into consideration the Coriolis force, which is typically a manifestation of rotation when Newton’s laws are applied to model physical phenomena on Earth’s surface. In this talk we present conditions for the existence of traveling wave solutions and show that, given an initial data in Sobolev spaces, uniqueness of local solutions is achieved. Moreover, assuming a strong condition on the McKean quantity, the solutions can be extended globally. Extensions of these results are presented, as well as further conjectures.


Friday, 11th March 2022

The elastic far-field development around a crystalline defect

Julian Braun (Heriot–Watt)

 

Abstract:

Lattice defects in crystalline materials (for example, a screw dislocations or an interstitial) create long-range elastic fields. In this presentation I will show how to rigorously derive a far-field expansion up to arbitrary high order. The expansion is computable and leaves only a fast decaying remainder describing the defect core structure. As an application I will also show how to use this expansion for high accuracy defect computations.


Friday, 18th March 2022

Zero-dispersion limit for the Benjamin-Ono equation on the torus

Louise Gassot (ICERM  / University of Basel)

 

Abstract:

We discuss the zero-dispersion limit for the Benjamin-Ono equation on the torus given a single well initial data. We prove that there exist approximate initial data converging to the initial data, such that the corresponding solutions admit a weak limit as the dispersion parameter tends to zero. The weak limit is expressed in terms of the multivalued solution of the inviscid Burgers equation obtained by the method of characteristics. We construct our approximation by using the Birkhoff coordinates of the initial data, introduced by Gérard, Kappeler and Topalov.


Friday, 1st April 2022

Multi-material transport problems

Annalisa Massaccesi (Università di Padova)

 

Abstract:

Abstract: In this seminar I will review the theory of flat G-chains, as they were introduced by H. W. Fleming in 1966, and currents with coefficients in groups. One of the most recent developments of the theory concerns its application to the Steiner tree problem and other minimal network problems which are related with a Eulerian formulation of the branched optimal transport. Starting from a 2016 paper by A. Marchese and myself, I will show how these problems and their variants are equivalent to a mass-minimization problem in the framework of currents with coefficients in a (suitably chosen) normed group.


Autumn 2021

 

Friday, 1st October 2021

Mathematical aspects of nanophotonics

Matias Ruiz (University of Edinburgh)

 

Abstract:

In the last couple of decades, the field of nanophotonics, i.e. the study of light-matter interactions at the nanoscale, has gained enormous importance in different disciplines of science and engineering. A large portion of this field concerns the study of electromagnetic resonances in nanoparticles which are, in turn, the building blocks of many applications in energy, healthcare, material science, to name a few.

The description of these resonances relies on interesting math problems with strong connections to PDE spectral problems, both self-adjoint and non-self-adjoint. As such, there is a growing interest from the math world in tackling some of the mathematical issues arising in nanophotonics. For instance, a canonical problem is the Laplace transmission problem showing a sign-change in the PDE coefficients, whose solutions can be understood in terms of the spectral properties of the Neumann-Poincare operator (and/or the so-called plasmonic eigenvalue problem).

In this applied analysis talk I will introduce some of the mathematically interesting problems arising in nanophotonics and discuss recent analytical results in the analysis of resonances in metallic nanoparticles (also known as plasmonic resonances), which include the use of layer potential techniques and asymptotic analysis.


Friday, 8th October 2021

Harmonic analysis tools in spectral theory

Jean-Claude Cuenin (Loughborough University)

 

Abstract:

I will give a survey of how methods from harmonic analysis, particularly those related to Fourier restriction theory, can be used in spectral and scattering theory. Applications include eigenvalue estimates for Schrödinger operators with complex potentials and almost sure scattering for random lattice Schrödinger operators in 3d with slowly decaying potential.


Friday, 15th October 2021

Boundedness of spectral projectors on Riemannian manifolds

Simon Myerson (University of Warwick)

 

Abstract:

Given the Laplace(-Beltrami) operator on a Riemannian manifold, consider the spectral projector on (generalized) eigenfunctions whose eigenvalue lies in [L^2,(L+\delta)^2] – where L \gg 1 and \delta \ll 1. We ask the question of optimal L^2 to L^p bounds for this operator. I will present new results in this direction for the Euclidean torus (joint with Pierre Germain).


Friday, 22nd October 2021

Multilinear Kakeya and Michael-Simon inequality for anisotropic stationary varifolds

Guido De Philippis (CIMS)

 

Abstract:

Michael Simon inequality is a fundamental tool in  geometric analysis and geometric measure theory.  Its extension to anisotropic integrands will allow to extend to anisotropic integrands a series of results which are currently known only for the area functional.

In this talk I will present an anistropic  version of the Michael-Simon inequality, for for two-dimensional varifolds in \mathbb{R}^3, provided that the integrand is close to the area in the C1-topology. The proof is deeply inspired by posthumous notes by Almgren, devoted to the same result. Although our arguments overlap with Almgren’s, some parts are greatly simplified and rely on a nonlinear version of the planar multilinear Kakeya inequality.


Friday, 29th October 2021

The equations of polyconvex thermoelasticity

Myrto Maria Galanopoulou (Heriot-Watt University)

 

Abstract:

In this talk, I will present the findings of my PhD Thesis. I will examine the system of thermoelasticity endowed with polyconvex energy. I will show that we can embed the equations of polyconvex thermoviscoelasticity into an augmented, symmetrizable, hyperbolic system which possesses a convex entropy. This allows to prove many important stability results, such as convergence from the viscous problem to smooth solutions of the system of adiabatic thermoelasticity in the zero-viscosity limit. In addition, I will present a weak-strong uniqueness result in the class of entropy weak solutions and in a suitable class of measure-valued solutions, defined by means of generalized Young measures. Also, we will discuss a variational scheme for isentropic processes of adiabatic polyconvex thermoelasticity: I establish existence of minimizers which converge to a measure-valued solution that dissipates the total energy, while the scheme converges when the limiting solution is smooth.


Friday, 5th November 2021

Energy transfer for solutions to the nonlinear Schrodinger equation on irrational tori.

Gigliola Staffilani (MIT)

 

Abstract:

In this talk I will outline some results on the study of transfer of energy for solutions to the periodic 2D (torus domain) cubic defocusing nonlinear Schrodinger equation. In particular I will focus on the differences of the dynamics of solutions in the rational versus irrational torus. Some numerical experiments will also be presented.

(The most recent work presented is in collaboration with A. Hrabski, Y. Pan and B. Wilson.)


Friday, 19th November 2021

Dynamical  fluctuations of a hard sphere gas  in the low density limit

Laure Saint-Raymond (IHES)

 

Abstract:

The dynamics of a hard sphere gas is described in the low density limit by the Boltzmann equation, at least for short times. The classical strategy  of proof, due to Lanford, fails for longer times, even close to equilibrium.In this talk, I will present a recent work with T. Bodineau, I. Gallagher and S. Simonella, where we  have  designed a new method, combining a duality and  a pruning arguments, which allows  to characterize the fluctuations around equilibrium globally in time.


Friday, 26th November 2021

Polynomial progressions in continuous fields

Jim Wright (University of Edinburgh)

 

Abstract:

In 1988 Bourgain gave a quantitative count for the number of progressions x, x+t, x+t^2 in dense sets on the real line. Recently this was extended to general 3-term polynomial progressions by  X. Chen, J. Guo and X. Li. In this talk we extend these results to arbitrarily long polynomial progressions. Our methods are robust enough
to give quantitative counts for long polynomial progressions in any locally compact topological field with nontrivial topology. This is joint work with B. Krause, M. Mirek and S. Peluse.

Friday, 10th December 2021

On the strong cosmic censorship conjecture

Jan Sbierski (University of Edinburgh)

 

Abstract:

The strong cosmic censorship conjecture roughly states that Einstein’s theory of general relativity is generically a deterministic theory. I will start out this talk by giving a non-technical introduction to this conjecture restricted to rotating black holes. After motivating the mathematical formulation of the strong cosmic censorship conjecture I will proceed to outline the current state of it and then conclude by presenting forthcoming work of mine showing the linear instability of the Cauchy horizon inside rotating black holes.


Spring 2021

 

Friday, 22nd January 2021

Topological properties of minimizers in Landau-de Gennes theory of nematic liquid crystals

Federico Luigi Dipasquale (Università di Verona)

 

Abstract:

I will talk about recent results on the topology of minimizers in the Landaude Gennes (LdG) theory of nematic liquid crystals which shed light on the socalled “biaxial torus minimizers”. According to many numerical studies, these are the minimizers of the most studied LdG energy in very relevant physical conditions. Such minimizers are axially symmetric and characterized by remarkable topological properties (where the topology is to be sought in the level set of an appropriate indicator function, the signed biaxiality). However, they eluded precise mathematical description for years. In this talk, I will introduce some new key ideas which allow to study the topology of minimizers (but also of some classes of more general configurations). I will try to explain how to implement them and how this leads in a natural way to the definition of an appropriate asymptotic regime in which, in fact, topological structures are found in the biaxiality sets of minimizers. The topological results match qualitatively many features expected from the numerical simulations. We will also see that, restricting to axially symmetric configurations, we have still better accordance with simulations and much more can be said, although several interesting problems remain open. Joint work with V. Millot (Paris XIII) and A. Pisante (Sapienza).


Friday, 29th January 2021

\mathcal{A}-quasiconvexity, function spaces and regularity

Franz Gmeineder (Universität Bonn)

 

Abstract:

By Morrey’s foundational work, quasiconvexity displays a key notion in the vectorial Calculus of Variations. A suitable generalisation that keeps track of more elaborate differential conditions is given by Fonseca & Müller’s \mathcal{A}-quasiconvexity. With the topic having faced numerous contributions as to lower semicontinuity, in this talk I give an overview of recent results for such problems with focus on the underlying function spaces and the (partial) regularity of minima. The talk is partially based on joint work with Sergio Conti (Bonn), Jan Kristensen (Oxford) and Lars Diening (Bielefeld).


Friday, 5th February 2021

Landis’ conjecture on the decay of solutions to Schrödinger equations on the plane

Eugenia Malinnikova (Stanford)

 

Abstract:

We consider a real-valued function on the plane for which the absolute value of the Laplacian is bounded by the absolute value of the function at each point. In other words, we look at solutions of the stationary Schrödinger equation with a bounded potential. The question discussed in the talk is how fast such function may decay at infinity. We give the answer in dimension two, in higher dimensions the corresponding problem is open. The talk is based on the joint work with A. Logunov, N. Nadirashvili, and F. Nazarov.


Friday, 12th February 2021

Global invertibility via invertibility on boundary and applications to Nonlinear Elasticity

Stefan Krömer (Czech Academy of Sciences)

 

Abstract:

Globally invertible Sobolev maps are of particular interest in models for the elastic deformation of solids, because invertibility corresponds to non-interpenetration of matter. By a result of John Ball (1981), a locally orientation preserving Sobolev map is almost everywhere globally invertible provided that its boundary values admit a homeomorphic extension. We will see that the conclusions of Ball’s theorem and related results can be reached while completely avoiding the (hard) problem of homeomorphic extension. The proof heavily relies on Brouwer’s topological degree. Among other things, the result can be applied to justify more efficient numerical approximation respecting global invertibility constraints.


Friday, 19th February 2021

The nonlinear stability of the Schwarzschild black hole without symmetry

Mihalis Dafermos (Cambridge/Princeton)

 


Friday, 26th February 2021

Hölder continuous Euler flows with local energy dissipation

Hyunju Kwon (IAS)

 

Abstract:

The Euler equations describe the behavior of ideal fluids. It is well-known that smooth (spatially periodic) Euler flows conserve total kinetic energy in time. In the theory of turbulence, on the other hand, a famous conjecture of Lars Onsager asserts that kinetic energy conservation may fail when an Euler flow belongs to the Hölder spaces with Hölder exponent less than 1/3, which was proved recently by Isett. In light of these developments, I’ll discuss a stronger version of the Onsager conjecture: the existence of Hölder continuous Euler flows which locally dissipate kinetic energy.


Friday, 5th March 2021

Regularity of solutions of complex coefficient elliptic systems: the p-ellipticity condition

Jill Pipher (Brown)

 

Abstract:

Formulating and solving boundary value problems for divergence form real elliptic equations has been an active and productive area of research ever since the foundational work of De Giorgi – Nash – Moser established H\”older continuity of solutions when the operator coefficients are merely bounded and measurable. The solutions to such real-valued equations share some important properties with harmonic functions: maximum principles, Harnack principles, and estimates up to the boundary that enable one to solve Dirichlet problems in the classical sense of nontangential convergence. Weak solutions of complex elliptic equations and elliptic systems do not necessarily share these good properties of continuity or maximum principles. In joint work with M. Dindos, we introduced in 2017 a structural condition (p-ellipticity) on divergence form complex elliptic equations that was inspired by a condition related to L^p contractivity due to Cialdea and Maz’ya. The p-ellipticity condition was also simultaneously discovered by Carbonaro-Dragicevic, who used it to prove a bilinear embedding result. Subsequently, the condition has proven useful in the study of well-posedness of a degenerate elliptic operator associated with domains with lower-dimensional boundary. In this talk we discuss p-ellipticity for complex divergence form equations, and then describe recent work, joint with J. Li and M. Dindos, extending this condition to elliptic systems. In particular, we give applications to solvability of the Dirichlet problem for the Lame systems.


Friday, 12th March 2021

Rigidity for measurable sets

Ilaria Fragalé (Politecnico di Milano)

 

Abstract:

We discuss the rigidity of measurable subsets in the Euclidean space such that the Lebesgue measure of their intersection with a ball of radius r, centred at any point in the essential boundary, is constant. Based on a joint work with Dorin Bucur.


Friday, 19th March 2021

A d-dimensional Analyst’s Travelling Salesman Theorem for general sets in Euclidean space

Matthew Hyde (University of Edinburgh)

 

Abstract:

In the nineties, Peter Jones proved the Analyst’s Travelling Salesman Theorem (TST), which gives a necessary and sufficient condition for when a set in Euclidean space can be contained in a curve of finite length. This condition is stated in terms of beta-numbers, which give a measure of how flat a set is at each location and scale. Several higher dimensional analogues of the TST have been proven since. These, along with Jones’ original result, have found many applications in fields such as complex analysis, harmonic analysis, and harmonic measure. Unlike Jones’ TST, these higher dimensional variants require additional assumption on the set. In this talk we will discuss these results in more detail and introduce a higher dimensional TST that holds for every set in Euclidean space.


Friday, 26th March 2021

Discrete analogues of maximally modulated singular integrals of Stein-Wainger type

Joris Roos (University of Massachusetts Lowell & University of Edinburgh)

 

Abstract:

Stein and Wainger introduced an interesting class of maximal oscillatory integral operators related to Carleson’s theorem. The talk will be about joint work with Ben Krause on discrete analogues of some of these operators. These discrete analogues feature a number of substantial difficulties that are absent in the real-variable setting and involve themes from number theory and analysis.

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