Art Nouveau and the Arts and Crafts Movement research
I started with my research on the Art Nouveau and the Arts and crafts movement. The distinguished characteristics of of Art Nouveau is the unique decorative characteristic of Art Nouveau is its undulating irregular line, often taking the form of flower stalks and buds, vine tendrils, insect wings, and other gentle and sinuous natural objects. The lines may be sophisticated and elegant or infused with a strongly rhythmic and whiplike strength. It works most frequently in architecture, interior design, jewellery, glass design, posters and illustrations. It was attempted deliberately to create a new style which would be free of historicism that has dominated the 19th Century art and design.
The characteristics of the Arts and Crafts movement are a belief in craftsmanship which stresses the inherent beauty of the material, the importance of nature as inspiration, and the value of simplicity, utility, and beauty. The movement often promoted reform as part of its philosophy and advanced the idea of the designer as craftsman. William Morris believed people should be surrounded by beautiful, well-made things. This vision inspired the emergence of the Arts and Crafts movement in the 1860s. Morris’s lectures and essays on art and his rediscovery of traditional craft techniques helped spread the movement, as did the decorative designs and products from his company: Morris, Marshall, Faulkner & Co.