LO 1:  Primary Research- drawings etc

Project 1: Working with the Found Object

Sketchbook + Practical Studies

  1. Lighter from all different angles: alerted me to the different external components of the lighter and demonstrated how a new object can be collaged together on paper creating a tardis-like futuristic form.
  2. Tracing using ink. Replication, pop art, reminded me of mass produced, disposable lighters.
  3.  ‘Lighter Light on Lighter’. Charcoal Rubbing of light hitting the lighter. I found it fascinating how the object appears all of a sudden as if from nothing. Focussing on the light, not something that is physically part of the object particularly highlighted the  shape and complexion of the object, emphasising simple qualities I had not given time to thinking about such as the smoothness of the plastic in contrast to the texture of the friction wheel.
  4. ‘Lighter Light on Lighter’ Detail
  5. Wire Lighter
  6. Drawn by Touch: emphasised the textures of the object’s surfaces and different components. Tested the remembered perception of the object. This led me to investigate the purpose of texture to the function of the object.

Deconstructing the Lighter Experiment

Mindmap/ flowchart documenting thought process to final idea:

Project 2: Making and Breaking Narrative

Pendant gift made from a fragment of porcelain found after the Chinese Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) and fragments of porcelain found on Cramond Beach.


Cramond Finds Composition

A walk along Cramond Beach provided some thought provoking finds.

Fragments of porcelain and ceramic, coloured plastic, rubber duck, hairclip, wire, electrical components.


Project 3: Mapping the Soundscape

Idea of a Sleep Scape

  • Sounds from movement- what does this tell us about the person? Are they restless? Anxious? Relaxed? etc
  •  Dreams- how do you communicate something like a dream – only you will ever know exactly what your dream looked like. Entirely personal.
  • Sounds from your subconscious
  • Dictate over sound recording to make a story of a dream
  • Research how to encourage dreams before sleeping e.g lucid dreaming
  • What are dreams? What do they mean?  What is sleeptalking? Does dreaming and sleeptalking reveal anything about a person?
  • RESEARCH different stages of sleep- can almost make it into a walk- sleepwalk…
  • Graphic of sound through night

LO 2:  Secondary Research- artists (15 sources) + 600 words

Project 1: Working with the Found Object

Daniella Melnichuk, Lighters Painting, 2015.

“Every day I drew one new lighter.”



Joseph Kosuth, Clock (One and Five), English/Latin Version, 1965.

Investigating the effect language has on the way we see and represent the world- ‘linguistic anthropology’.



Evolution of the Lighter:

Short history of the lighter


Johanna Goodman, The Catalogue of Imaginary Beings for Topic Magazine, 2019.

Contemporary collage artists’ take on the current political climate, as influenced by the collages of WWII Artist, John Heartfield.


Project 2: Making and Breaking Narrative

The Shard Box Store, Beijing.




Mandy Barker, Sea of Artifacts, 2019.

Raise awareness about plastic pollution.



 Angela Haseltine Pozzi, Washed Ashore, 2020.

The Beach. The Process. The Sculptures.

Art to Save the Sea.



Jonathan Fuller, No. 29, No. 11 & No. 18, 2011.

 Calming Cornwall Sea Glass Sculptures.


Sea Glass Sculptures Reflect the Relaxing Qualities of the Ocean

Project 3: Mapping the Soundscape

Steve Reich, Come Out, 1964.

Police brutality against the black community- looped recording of  Daniel Hamm talking about the injuries he sustained when beaten by police. It finds its ‘power through pain’.


Steve Reich, Different Trains, 1988.

Mapping the sound of the Holocaust and ‘connecting Jewish identity through classical music’.



Nature Soundmap:

A group of professional nature recordists from around the globe have collaborated to develop Nature Soundmap, an enjoyable and interactive way of exploring the natural sounds of our planet. Combining high-quality field recordings with the latest satellite imagery, the project brings together some of nature’s most beautiful, interesting and inspiring sounds.


Christine Hass, Arizona, USA.

“I am a biologist who focuses on social behaviour of mammals. I also have a very deep connection to mountainous environments, and I’m concerned about how anthropogenic noise is drowning out the sounds of the natural world. I record not only to capture natural sounds, but also to try to make people more aware of their sonic environments. ”


London Sound Survey, 12 Tones of London, 2011.

The London Sound Survey collects the sounds of everyday public life throughout London and compiles past accounts to show how the sound environment has changed.

The aim of  this project is to describe variations in sounds across London within the limits of having only enough time to record in a few of the city’s innumerable streets, parks and other public places.




STOMP the musical

Started in 1991. An eight-member cast creates music  with found objects: Zippo lighters, push brooms, wooden poles, hammer handles, garbage cans, inner tubes, matchboxes. There’s no traditional narrative; both household and industrial objects find new life as musical instruments in this combination of percussion, movement and visual comedy. It is a journey through sound, a celebration of the everyday and a comic interplay of characters wordlessly communicating through dance and drum. Uses the body and ordinary objects to create a physical theatre performance using rhythms, acrobatics and pantomime.

Ximena Alarcon, Sounding the Underground, 2009.
The soundscapes of three underground public transport systems: London, Paris and México City. Commuters’ memories and imaginations are represented in sounds and images that have been selected by volunteer commuters through an ethnographic process.

Sleep Information:


The Complete Guide To Your Sleep Cycle


Reflective Statement:

Exploring a lighter as my ‘found object’ was fascinating as common objects become almost invisible in everyday life. Researching the history, etymology (inspired by conceptual artists such as Joseph Kosuth), mechanical workings and examining the object more intricately through primary research demonstrated how form follows function and gave me some inspiration as to how I could invert such observations to create my own work of art. I found mind mapping a flow chart of my thought process helpful. Stemming from the idea of a lighter as a forbidden object for children, at the extreme I saw this as a kind of censorship. Reverting to word associations with ‘lighter’, I saw a paradox between censorship and ‘enlightenment’, leading me to think about political regimes in which censorship seeks to hide the truth or ‘the light’ due to what they deem to be forbidden. Furthermore, fire, the creation of which is the function of a lighter, is a basic human right. Therefore, I wanted to create a resolved political work that used the lighter as a symbol for human rights violations. Johanna Goodman’s political collages inspired me to overlay images of recent political events with parts of my deconstructed lighter.

‘Making and Breaking Narrative’ was my favourite project as I was satisfied with the way in which my starting point was part of a broken narrative in itself. I was given a pendant made from a fragment of porcelain found after the Chinese Cultural Revolution (1966-1976). Fascinated by the concept of a piece of jewellery holding so much cultural and historical significance, it was the perfect object for investigating making and breaking narrative. One day, walking along Cramond beach looking for similar fragments of porcelain, I was struck by the amount of plastic I found. I was shocked to learn that plastic has a lifespan of 450- 5,000 years and that 12 million tonnes of it ends up in the ocean every year. I was reminded of Mandy Barker and Angela Haseltine Pozzi who work with plastic washed ashore to raise awareness whilst simultaneously cleaning our shorelines. Alongside the plastic, I found some beautiful sea glass which I have always thought to be more akin to jewels than waste and decided I wanted to do something with it. As a raw material, glass is not harmful to our seas. Intrigued by my earlier curiosity surrounding the unknown narrative behind found fragments that end up on the beach, I decided my final work would be to replace a piece of glass to the sea and speculate about the possible narrative journey that my fragment could take. Literally, it is a fragment of broken narrative. There are infinite possibilities for my piece of glass and I found a freedom in resigning control of a seemingly meaningless piece of glass to nature, to the tides and to the course of time.

For the final project, I decided to map out a sleepwalk. Sleep and dreams operate in the subconscious state. During the day we are so conscious and self-aware that over thinking can really alter our perception, as well as causing us to adapt what we say or how we recount certain stories to particular people. My aim was to give a raw reflection through sound of what I dreamt and how I slept. Recording noises from one night, I woke up to write down as accurately as possible the dream I had had. Upon dreaming about a seascape, I recorded sounds from beside the sea and mixed them with my sleep recording. My final piece is this mix. To me, it represents a walk-through sleep and a walk along the beach. It represents the sleep cycle and the subconscious noises that come from dreaming. In some ways it is the closest I can come to accurately recounting a dream that I have had. It is a sleepwalk soundscape along the beach in my dreams.

LO 3: 3-6 Resolved Artworks

Project 1: Working with the Found Object

To Shed Light on. To Enlighten. To Expose.

Rohingya Genocide in Myanmar

Weaponry to Silence Dissent

Pakistan Rape Laws

Dehumanising Effect of Rape

Detaining of Alexei Navalny

Suffocation by Silencing

Symbol of Revolution: Golden Toilet Brushes


Project 2: Making and Breaking Narrative

Handmade by me: quartz stone necklace. Stone found at Dalmeny House, wrapped in jewellery wire on a piece of suede. Given to friend’s mother as a gift.


Contributing to the cycle: Returning my Glass Shard to the Sea

Project 3: Mapping the Soundscape

My Dream:

Sunrise on a pebbly beach. Golden sunshine glinting on the surface of the waves gently crashing onto the shore. Faint remembrance of someone else’s presence- could have been a dog, a companion or a stranger next to me. Gold colour seemed to intensify. Walking as if  floating along the shoreline, I passed a few strangers who did not seem to see me despite our proximity. I look down to see that I am in fact walking on what looks like thousands of shells and I can hear their satisfying crunch underfoot- they sounded like eggshells or very fragile glass being stepped on (could this be coming from my bangles moving in sleep?). The sun warms my face as I gaze into the blue sky to see birds swooping and driving to the surface of the water. A giant seagull swoops towards me and lands on my shoulder. I try to shake it off but it does not budge. Suddenly the sky darkens as if a cloak has been thrown over the sun and a crash of thunder rings out across the horizon. My heartbeat increases and I begin to run. I wake up to find I have thrown my duvet to the floor.

Oscillogram of the night looks like a nightime wave graph or stormy sky – the one from my dream?